Madagascar power adapters - what plugs are used in Madagascar?

Malagasy power outlet

What adapter do I need for Madagascar?

Use a Type D plug adapter [3] for Madagascar if the plug you intend on using doesn't fit in a Malagasy power outlet.

The type of power adapter, power converter or charger that's needed when visiting Madagascar all depend on the voltage and type of device that you're trying to power in a Malagasy power outlet. If you don't know which voltage your device uses then please read the section below on how to tell the voltage of your device first.

  • Be prepared for regular blackouts and limited access to power in some areas of Madagascar, it is advised to bring a portable charger [4] if you need to keep your mobile phone charged whilst staying in an area without power or during a power cut.
  • If you are from the US and travelling to Madagascar then you will need to use a power adapter for Madagascar to fit a US plug in a Malagasy power outlet and also check that your charger or appliance will work with a 50hz power outlet.
  • If your device is 127 volts or is dual voltage and your plug fits in a Malagasy power outlet then it can work in Madagascar.
  • If your device is 127 volts or is dual voltage but the plug doesn't fit in a Malagasy power outlet then you will need a suitable plug adapter for Madagascar such a Type D plug adapter [3]. Please Note that a plug adapter for Madagascar (or power adapter) will change the actual shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in Madagascar, but but is unable to change the voltage from 127 volts to a different voltage.
  • If your device can't use 127 volts and isn't dual voltage you will also need a power converter for Madagascar to convert the voltage from 127 volts to the correct voltage on your device. You will still need to use a suitable plug adapter for Madagascar if your power converter doesn't include the correct Type D plug adapter.
  • If you need to bring your USB devices such as a tablet or cell phone then a USB travel power adapter will be ideal and it should be dual voltage, however ensure that you bring one which includes a Type D plug adapter otherwise you'll still need to pack a suitable plug adapter for Madagascar.

Warning: If your device won't handle 127 volts you run the potential risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device. Prior to using your device in Madagascar please check the instruction manual to ensure safe operation.

Madagascar power adapters

Power adapters for Madagascar

If you are packing for a holiday to Madagascar it's useful to know in advance if you'll be able to power any indispensable devices such as mobiles and tablets when you get there. However by not knowing which power socket is used you are more likely to bring the wrong charger, thereby leaving you needing to buy a potentially expensive power adaptor when you arrive which might be incompatible and damage your device. Different combinations of standards and voltages can often cause confusion when planning to travel to another country especially to the first time traveller. This isn't as complex as it first appears, with only a handful of different types of common standards used throughout the world this article shows exactly what you'll need in advance to power your device in Madagascar. This page has links to simple instructions telling you which power adapters you'll need to power your devices when travelling to Madagascar using their standard Type D, C, E, J or K 127 volt 50Hz plug outlets, please be aware that Type D power outlets are typically used by most Malagasy. When travelling anywhere you'll discover most power adapters change from region to region therefore we recommend reading the WikiConnections global power adapters page where you'll find a full list showing powering devices in different regions and countries.

What is the best power adapter for Madagascar?

The best power adapter for Madagascar is a Type D plug adapter [3] which will allow you to use any 127 volt appliance or device.

What is the best power adapter for Madagascar?

What is a power adapter?

Power adapters are compact and lightweight plastic adapters that permit a wall outlet in Madagascar to accept a power plug from an appliance from a different region.

Do I need a power adapter in Madagascar?

If the power plug that you are using isn't the same as the type of plug outlet in Madagascar then you will need a power adapter.

Can a power adapter convert the voltage in Madagascar?

Power adapters only adapt the shape of a plug to fit into a 127 volt Malagasy power outlet and can't convert the power to a different voltage. Should you need to safely use a 220, 230 or 240 volt device then you also need a step up power converter for Madagascar.

Do I need a power adapter for Madagascar if I'm visiting from America?

American plugs won't physically fit in a Malagasy power outlet so you will need to use a plug adapter for Madagascar.

What does a power adapter do?

A power adapter for Madagascar allows visitors travelling from another country to use electronic appliances in Madagascar by adapting the shape of the power plug from one type to another.

Where can I buy a power adapter for Madagascar?

Power adapters for sale in an airport

Where can I buy a power adapter for Madagascar?

Power adapters are typically available in most major airports prior to departure, however the range of adapters might be limited to popular destinations. It is recommended to research the exact type of adapter required prior to shopping at the airport. Look in the travel accessories section of airport newsagents, electronic stores and pharmacists but expect to pay 50% more than regular prices. Airports will be your last chance to buy a power adapter before departure, always check the returns policy to ensure you can easily exchange or refund a faulty or unsuitable product in an airside shop.

On arrival power adapters can be found in local electrical high street shops and drug stores, but always check the build quality first as safety standards might be different in a foreign country as this is important when dealing with electrical goods. Keep in mind that a shopping trip searching for power adapters in an unknown location might be impractical, especially as this needs to happen quickly before batteries run out.

Hotel receptions could have a power adapter for sale, hire or as a complimentary extra for guests; however, availability is normally limited and a hotel might not have the exact type required for your country. If in doubt, call ahead to the hotel first and request a reservation as it is unlikely that an adapter will be found in your room on arrival.

It will more convenient and cheaper to buy the correct power adapter in advance of your trip. High street stores normally sell popular types of travel adapters to popular locations and for widest choice it is recommended to buy a power adapter online.

Madagascar power outlets and plug sockets

What plug sockets are used in Madagascar?

There are five different types of power supply used in Madagascar, types D, C, E, J and K with the primary power outlets being type D:

  • Plug Type C - You can recognise this wall socket by the 2 circular adjacent holes next to each other where the pins go.
  • Plug Type D - This plug outlet (technically called a type D power outlet) looks like 3 holes forming a triangular configuration for live, neutral and ground pins.
  • Plug Type E - You can identify this plug socket by two large round adjacent holes next to each other along with one metal earth pin protruding the top forming a triangle pattern.
  • Plug Type J - You can identify the flattened hexagon shaped power socket by the three large circular holes in a flattened triangular configuration for live, neutral and ground pins.
  • Plug Type K - You can identify this plug socket by three large holes in an upside-down triangular shape and the bottom hole being in a semicircular shape.
What plug sockets are used in Madagascar?

Do US plugs work in Madagascar?

No - a US plug won't work in Madagascar because it can't fit into a Malagasy power outlet without the use of a plug adapter. Also check that your appliance is compatible with a 50hz power outlet.

How do I use a 220 volt appliance in Madagascar?

Use a step up power converter if you need to bring either a 220, 230 or 240V appliance to Madagascar.

Is the voltage in Madagascar the same as in the US?

Americans use 120 volts however the voltage from a Malagasy power outlet is 127 volts. Although these are similar it is recommended to check the voltage on your American appliance or charger handles a voltage range between 100 to 127 volts or that it can handle dual voltage.

Is a plug socket in Madagascar the same as in the US?

US plugs won't fit in a Malagasy power outlet therefore you will need to use a plug adapter for Madagascar. The voltage is within the 100-128 volt range used in America however the frequency is different so check that your device works with a 50hz supply.

What frequency is used in Madagascar?

The frequency of the alternating current from a Malagasy power outlet is 50 Hz.

Does Madagascar have power outages?

Several times every month in parts of Madagascar power blackouts are reported so with this high level of unreliability travellers are advised to prepare accordingly.

What is access to electrical power in Madagascar like?

In Madagascar less than a quarter of the population of the country has access to electricity.

Do I need a portable charger for Madagascar?

As electricity isn't available to 100% of the population of Madagascar combined with problems with the reliability of power, travellers should use alternate charging options if they want to continue charging devices such as cellphones or cameras.

  • Whilst travelling to Madagascar increased use of mobile phones for taking photos, storing calendars, GPS, social network sharing and streaming videos will syphon off power excessively. Beyond the inconvenience of missed photo opportunities a flat mobile phone battery could potentially leave you stranded without adequate power to make emergency calls or being able to use GPS to find your way back to accommodation. Bringing along a portable charger [4] alleviates those concerns as it means you can keep your cell phone powered on the go, especially when travelling to a country with limited access to power and power outages in some areas.
  • A typical 10,000mAh power bank [4] will store enough energy to power over 3 full days of mobile phone use whilst a 20,000mAh power bank [9] should keep a typical cell phone charged for almost a week.
  • Should you need to charge your laptop in Madagascar and it it supports USB-C charging then look for a portable charger for a laptop [10] marked with PD (power delivery) which supplies at least 20 Wh.
  • Please note that some airlines don't let you take batteries on an aircraft that supply 100 Wh of power or more and must not be left in checked-in luggage.
  • Average consumer portable chargers won't work with high wattage items, but a rechargeable hair dryer [7] or gas hair straighteners [8] are available for travelling to areas with frequent power cuts and a lack of access to electricity such as Madagascar.
Do I need a portable charger for Madagascar?
How well do solar powered chargers work in Madagascar?

Solar backpacks are ideal in hot weather

How well do solar powered chargers work in Madagascar?

The sunshine in Madagascar should be suitable enough to recharge solar power bank [12] reliability, but will need to be exposed to strong sunshine to provide adequate power for a single charge cycle. It could prove inconvenient to continually unpack a solar power bank then wait whilst it recharges in sunny spells.

  • The bigger durable panels used on a solar backpack [11] give the bag the ability to create more electricity within a faster period of time, making them ideal for the weather in Madagascar.
  • A phone that has been directly plugged into a USB port of a solar backpack can trickle charge the power during sunny spells in Madagascar, but this might be inconvenient to have a phone continuously connected in the bag during the day if it is to be used constantly. Unlike a small solar power bank which needs to be unpacked and facing the sunlight, a solar bag is usually exposed to sunlight therefore will be topping up a regular power bank [4] during the day.
  • Even though the sunlight in Madagascar is strong, a bag should ideally have a solar cell efficiency of 22% or more, be able to generate at least 6 watts of power and be used with a compatible power bank of 10,000mAH or greater.
  • The durable and flexible solar cells used in solar powered bags are designed to endure bending and scratches, unlike normal firm solar cells. Solar bags come in backpack, laptop messenger and rucksack styles which makes them perfect for work, travel and domestic use.

Sources

  • International Electrotechnical Commission - World plugs by location (cited August 2014)
  • Wikipedia - Mains electricity by country (cited July 2014)
  • Index Mundi - Power outages in a typical month (cited May 2018, data collected between 2006 to 2017)
  • Index Mundi - Access to electricity (cited May 2018, latest data collected 2010)
  • WikiPedia - List of countries by average yearly temperature (cited May 2018, data averaged between 1961 to 1990)

Madagascar chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for charging multiple USB powered devices when travelling abroad.

What USB charger do I need for Madagascar?

If travelling to multiple countries or bringing more than one device the best international travel charger for Madagascar is a multiple USB port adapter which includes swappable plugs like a 4 port USB travel charger [13]. Malagasy use five different standards of wall outlets (types D, C, E, J and K) and using a power charger like this will ensure that you are covered for type C.

Because these chargers come with interchangeable plugs and handle from 100 volts - 240 volts will mean you can travel to over 100 countries around the world just by changing the plugs over. If your device supports Fast Charge (not all USB devices do) then you will benefit from quicker recharging times by using one of these travel chargers and additional support for certain power hungry devices like tablets. Unlike other adapters having a 4 port charger means you can power more than one device at the same time without needing to pack individual travel adapters. Because you are only bringing a single lightweight USB travel charger will keep the weight and size down, making it ideal to store in hand luggage. Because of their space saving flexibility these types of chargers can be used at home so when you're not travelling they can be used overnight charging multiple tablets, smartphones and speakers without using up an additional wall outlet.

We suggest searching for this type of versatile power charger at your preferred electronics retailer - the power adapter illustrated below is the 4 Port USB Wall Charger [13] which has been successfully tested for charging multiple USB devices in numerous countries with good reliably.

What USB charger do I need for Madagascar?

Why use a travel USB charger for Madagascar?

  • Normal travel USB chargers include 4 or more USB charger ports, meaning you now only need to bring a single charger to charge all your devices. Rather than bring 4 individual power chargers you only need to pack a single 4 port USB wall charger and power up to 4 separate devices, thereby reducing the weight and size of your baggage.
  • Travel USB chargers should include swappable plug heads for various countries thereby making them suitable if visiting other countries across Africa which are likely to use different outlets to Madagascar.
  • A good power charger is rugged, lightweight and compact - ideal for the rigors of travel instead of than risking bringing a domestic charger which could be hard to repair in Madagascar.
  • USB travel chargers can accept the 127 volt power outlets in Madagascar along with other voltage standards across the world.
  • It's possible that hotels in Madagascar might only have a single power outlet, by bringing a travel charger with multiple USB ports means you can share out the single wall outlet with all your devices rather than having to wait to recharge one device at a time.
  • Because of their flexible nature a travel USB charger takes the uncertainty out of travelling to an unknown country as they are guaranteed to work almost anywhere in the world.
  • Power outlets in airports can be in short supply and the demand for charging multiple cell phones before a flight can be high, therefore a USB travel charger with multiple ports and the ability to charge quickly is perect.
  • The power grid in some countries can be unstable, a travel USB charger allows for unexpected spikes to prevent damage to any devices attached to it. Trying to repair an overloaded smartphone or tablet in Madagascar could prove problematic and costly.
  • Larger USB chargers should also include power outlet strips to use multiple low powered devices such as laptops, but please note these are unsuitable for high powered domestic such as hair dryers or clothes irons. Refer to our guide on using travel appliances with a Malagasy power outlet for advice and guidelines on the most suitable power adapter for a Malagasy power outlet for high wattage appliances.
  • Certain tablets and cellphones could require more than the standard 500 milliamps produced from a standard 5 volt USB adapter to charge or provide fast charge. Premium USB chargers will support fast charging should any of your devices require additional power.
  • When back at home travel USB chargers can still be used by charging multiple cell phones on an overnight basis using one power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for Madagascar?

The is the most compact option for travellers from any country who only have USB devices, however for visitors also wanting to use their domestic plugs the following power converters provide larger but more versatile solutions. All three power converters offer surge protection which can be useful for travellers to counties with unreliable or unstable power grids to prevent damage to any connected devices from voltage spikes. These travel converters come supplied with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering both Madagascar and over 150 countries around the world:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK international travel converter has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the best selling portable option for travellers originating from America visiting Madagascar.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Similarly having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers originating from the US using type B plugs and offers almost the same functionality as the BESTEK with 1 less AC outlet at almost half price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has just 2 AC outlets but offers 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it perfect for a wide range of travellers from around the world visiting Madagascar.

Power converters for Madagascar

What does a power converter for a Malagasy power outlet do?

A power converter for Madagascar will allow travellers to use their 220, 230 or 240 volt electrical device with a 127 volt Malagasy power outlet.

Also known as: electrical converter, electrical transformer, voltage converter, power transformer or voltage transformer.

What is the difference between a power converter and a plug adapter?

A heavy and bulky power converter [14] will transform a 127 volt Malagasy power outlet to work with a non-127 volt device, but a more lightweight and smaller power adapter (or plug adapter) changes the shape of the plug on your device to fit into a power outlet in Madagascar.

Do I need a power converter for Madagascar?

If travelling to Madagascar from a different country ensure the device will accept a 127 volt power supply.

  • You will need a step up power converter [15] if you are travelling from a country that uses 220-240 volts and your device or appliance doesn't support 127 volts. See the WikiConnections list of world power outlets guide to discover the voltage is used in your country.
  • You won't need a power converter if you already use either a 127 volt single voltage appliance or one that supports dual voltage.
  • Normally electrical devices which come from a different country which use a higher voltage such as 220 volts and then used in a 127 volt outlet may take longer to charge or simply won't turn on. If your device does not power up or charges slowly when travelling to Madagascar from a different region check that it will work with a 127 volt Malagasy power outlet or you will need to use a step up power converter [15].
  • You don't need a converter if you wish to recharge a smaller electrical device such as a mobile phone or laptop as these are normally designed for international use and support dual voltage, but you should always always check the device for dual voltage support first.
  • If supplying power to high wattage appliances or generate heat (for example hair straighteners and clothes irons) then you will need to use a more expensive higher wattage heavy duty power converter [16] which allows the appliance to be used with a 127 volt Malagasy power outlet.
  • It will be more cost effective to bring a smaller lightweight dual voltage travel appliance than trying to bring a heavier high wattage power converter to Madagascar simply to use your existing domestic appliance.
  • Read our comprehensive travel guides on travelling with clothes irons, curling wands, flat irons and hair dryers with a Malagasy power outlet which includes recommendations on affordable dual voltage alternatives.

Do I need a power converter if I'm travelling to Madagascar from America?

A US plug will not need a power converter as the voltage in Madagascar is in the same 100-120V range as the US.

What converter do I need for Madagascar?

To use any 220-240 volt appliance in a 127 volt Malagasy power outlet you will need to use a step up power converter [15].

How to convert 127 volts to 220 volts

  1. Use a step up power converter [15] to allow you to use 220, 230 and 240 volt appliances with a 127 volt Malagasy power outlet.
  2. If the power converter doesn't include the correct shaped plug then it will also be necessary to plug in the power cord from the power converter into a power adapter for Madagascar before plugging that into a Malagasy power outlet.
  3. Some power converters include the ability to perform both step up and step down voltage conversions, therefore it may be necessary to manually switch the converter to output the voltage from 220-240v.
  4. Plug your appliance into the converter and turn the power on, your 220-240 volt appliance can now be used with a 127 volt Malagasy power outlet.
What is the difference between a power converter and a transformer?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a power converter and a transformer?

Converters and transformers are both used to change one voltage to another, but this ambiguity can cause confusion as their purposes are different:

  • Power converters are designed for simple electrical appliances which typically generate heat or use motors such as clothes irons, shavers or hair dryers. Transformers are designed for more complex electronic items such as televisions or games consoles.
  • Buying a power converter is cheaper than buying a power transformer.
  • Power transformers are larger and heavier making them more suited for permanent residential use; for example an expat wishing to use an imported television would need to use a transformer for this purpose.
  • Power converters are more suitable for travellers wishing to bring domestic appliances abroad such as hair dryers or flat irons. However, it is more practical and cost effective to purchase a dual voltage appliance designed for travel rather than a heavier power converter.
  • Power converters are suitable for 2 pin ungrounded appliances, it could be harder to find a converter if you want to use a grounded 3 pin appliance.
  • Transformers can be used constantly however it is recommended that converters are used for no longer than a couple of hours at a time.
  • Shops may sell transformers under the name of converters, for the purposes this guide we will be referring to both converters and transformers as converters.

What voltage is used in Madagascar?

Madagascar uses 127 volts in their power outlets.

How can I tell if I have a dual voltage or single voltage appliance?

Dual voltage hair dryer

How can I tell if I have a dual voltage or single voltage appliance?

A simple method to tell if your appliance is dual voltage is to check for a sticker on the charger or on the unit itself, normally near to where the power cord goes. This location will vary depending on the make and model of your appliance but could also be written on the box.

  • Single voltage devices might have a specific number - such as 240V.
  • Single voltage devices might also say a small voltage range (20 volts difference) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 220-240V.
  • Dual voltage devices will say a large range separated with a slash - such as 110/240V.

What can I connect to a Malagasy power outlet

Travel appliances which can connect to a Malagasy power outlet

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to a Malagasy power outlet

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with a Malagasy power outlet

Mobile phones that can connect to the Malagasy power outlet

Apple iPhones that can be connected to the Malagasy power outlet

Samsung Galaxy phones that work with a Malagasy power outlet

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which can connect to a Malagasy power outlet

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with a Malagasy power outlet

Corrections

We endeavor to ensure all details on this page are correct and relevant to travelers visiting Madagascar, if you wish to contribute any useful information or feedback please email travel@wikiconnections.org. For more comprehensive technical details visit the Wikipedia page on AC power plugs and sockets [18].

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madagascar - wikipedia.org entry about Madagascar.
  2. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  3. Type D plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type D power outlets without converting voltage.
  4. Portable charger - A power bank is a portable charger which can recharge USB powered devices such as mobile phones and tablets on the go.
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adapter - power adaptor
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  7. Rechargeable hair dryer - Rechargeable battery powered blow dryer suitable for travelling.
  8. Gas hair straighteners - Cordless ceramic hair straighteners powered by gas cartridges.
  9. 20,000mAh portable charger - High capacity 20000mAh high-speed portable USB charger suitable for charging mobile phones and some tablets for several days.
  10. USB-C PD power bank - Power Delivery charger suitable for charging laptops with USB-C support.
  11. Solar backpack - A solar backpack will charge USB devices or an internal power bank when left in sunlight.
  12. Solar power bank - Portable power bank with solar cells which can recharge when placed in sunlight and power any USB powered device.
  13. 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters.
  14. Power converter - A step up step down power converter converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts.
  15. Step up power converter - A step up power converter allows a 220-240 volt appliance to be used in a 100-120 volt power outlet.
  16. Heavy duty power converter - A 5000 watt heavy duty step up and step down power converter used to convert voltages for domestic appliances, power tools, televisions, heating appliances and motors.
  17. Step down power converter - A step down power converter allows a 100-120 volt appliance to be used in a 220-240 volt power outlet.
  18. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_power_plugs_and_sockets - AC power plugs and sockets