Bulgaria power adapters - what plugs are used in Bulgaria?

Bulgarian power outlet

What adapter do I need for Bulgaria?

You need to pack a Type F plug adapter [4] for Bulgaria if the plug you intend on using won't fit into a Bulgarian power outlet.

The type of plug adapter, converter or charger that you'll need when visiting Bulgaria all depends on the voltage and type of device that you're trying to charge in a Bulgarian power outlet. If you're unsure of which voltage your device can use then please read the section below about how to tell the voltage of your device before going any further.

  • Certain areas in Bulgaria suffer from frequent power outages, we suggest bringing a power bank [9] if you want to recharge your cellphone battery whilst abroad during a power cut.
  • If you are visiting Bulgaria from the US then you will need to use a suitable power adapter to fit a US plug into a Bulgarian power outlet. Because the voltage is different in Bulgaria you will also need to bring a power converter for Bulgaria if your device isn't dual voltage and ensure that it can work with a 50hz power outlet.
  • If your device is 230 volts or is dual voltage and the plug will fit in a Bulgarian power outlet then it can work in Bulgaria.
  • If your device can run on 230 volts or is dual voltage but your plug won't fit in a Bulgarian power outlet then you will need to bring a suitable plug adapter for Bulgaria such a Type F plug adapter [4]. A plug adapter for Bulgaria (or power adapter) changes the actual shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in Bulgaria, but doesn't convert the voltage from 230 volts to use with another voltage.
  • If your device doesn't run on 230 volts and isn't dual voltage you'll also need a power converter for Bulgaria to convert the voltage from 230 volts to the correct voltage on your device. You will still need to pack a suitable plug adapter for Bulgaria if the power converter doesn't use the correct Type F plug adapter.
  • If you need to power USB devices such as a mobile phone or tablet then a USB travel power adapter is recommended and it should be dual voltage, however ensure that you choose to bring one which has a Type F plug adapter otherwise you'll still need to pack a suitable plug adapter for Bulgaria.

Warning: If your device won't handle 230 volts you run a risk of an electrical fire hazard, blowing a fuse or damage to your device. Before attempting to use your device in Bulgaria please read the instruction manual to ensure safe operation.

Bulgaria power adapters

Power adapters for Bulgaria

Varying different combinations of frequencies and standards can all cause confusion when planning on visiting a foreign country to the first time traveller. However this isn't as complicated as it first appears, with only a handful of different types of common standards used in the world this guide tells you exactly what you'll need in advance to charge your device in Bulgaria. This page contains links to useful instructions showing which power adapters you'll need to charge your devices when travelling to Bulgaria by using the standard Type F or C 230 volt 50Hz power outlets. Most power adapters will change regionally so we suggest that you read our Wiki Connections travel power adapters guide for a full list showing regions.

What is the best power adapter for Bulgaria?

The best power adapter for Bulgaria will be a Type F power adapter [4] which is suitable for powering any 230 volt appliance or device.

What is the best power adapter for Bulgaria?

What is a power adapter?

A power adapter for Bulgaria is a small and lightweight plastic adapter that allows a power plug from a foreign country to correctly fit into a power outlet in Bulgaria.

Also known as: an electrical adapter, plug adapter, travel adapter, electrical adaptor, mains travel adapter or power adaptor [10].

Does a power adapter change the voltage from a Bulgarian power outlet?

Power adapters will only adapt the shape of a plug to fit into a 230 volt Bulgarian power outlet and is unable to convert to a higher voltage. Should you need to safely use any 100-120 volt appliance you also need to bring a more expensive step down power converter for Bulgaria along with the correct adapter.

Do I need a plug adapter for Bulgaria?

It will depend on where you are travelling from and the type of plug you are attempting to use.

Will I need a plug adapter for Bulgaria if I'm visiting from the US?

American plugs won't fit into a Bulgarian power outlet so you will need to bring a plug adapter for Bulgaria, and because the voltage is different you will also need to use a power converter for Bulgaria if your charger or appliance isn't dual voltage which prevents damage or overheating.

What does a power adapter for Bulgaria do?

A power adapter allows visitors from another location to use their electrical appliances in Bulgaria by altering the shape of the plug from one type to another.

Can you use a European plug adapter in Bulgaria?

As there are 8 different power outlet types in Europe there is a chance that a plug adapter that works in another region in Europe doesn't work in Bulgaria.

Bulgaria power outlets and plug sockets

What plug sockets are used in Bulgaria?

Type C and F power outlets

What plug sockets are used in Bulgaria?

There are two types of power outlets used in Bulgaria, types F and C with the primary power outlets being type F:

  • Plug Type C - The plug socket, technically called a type C socket or Europlug, is recognised by two round adjacent holes next to each other.
  • Plug Type F - You can recognise the power outlet by two 4.8mm circular adjacent holes where the live and neutral plug socket pins go and metal grounding clips above and below.

Do US plugs work in Bulgaria?

No; an American plug won't work in Bulgaria because it won't fit into a Bulgarian power outlet without using a plug adapter. Also, the voltage is different therefore you will need to use a power converter if your charger or appliance isn't dual voltage and check that your device or appliance is compatible with a 50hz power outlet.

Is the voltage in Bulgaria the same as the US?

The voltage in Bulgaria is 230 volts, but 120 volts is used in America. If your US charger or appliance can't handle dual voltage then you need a suitable power converter for Bulgaria which allows a 120 volt US device to work in a 230 volt outlet.

How do I use a 110 volt appliance in Bulgaria?

Use a step down power converter should you wish to use a 110 volt appliance in a Bulgarian power outlet.

Is an electrical outlet in Bulgaria the same as the US?

American plugs won't fit in a Bulgarian power outlet so you will need to bring a plug adapter for Bulgaria. Both the voltage and frequency are different so if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage you will need to use a power converter for Bulgaria and ensure that it works with 50hz.

Do European plugs work in Bulgaria?

Tourists in Europe

Do European plugs work in Bulgaria?

Various locations throughout Europe all use different voltages and power outlet types, so a plug which works with a Bulgarian power outlet might not operate correctly in another location. When visiting more than one destination in Europe it is recommended to either use a multiple power adapter travel set [11] consisting of different types of power adapters, or a more convenient international travel plug adapter [12] as both these options make sure you are covered for all different power outlet types that you may find in each country. When preparing to travel check this list of power outlets used in Europe to discover which power converters and adapters you might need to bring during your journey.

What is the frequency used in Bulgaria?

The frequency from a Bulgarian power outlet is 50 Hz.

Does Bulgaria have power outages?

It is reported that there are potentially monthly power cuts in parts of Bulgaria.

Is there good access to power outlets in Bulgaria?

Access to electricity in Bulgaria is excellent which spans the entire population.

Do I need a power bank for Bulgaria?

USB power bank for charging mobile phones

Do I need a power bank for Bulgaria?

Because of potential power blackouts in Bulgaria travellers are advised to use backup charging solutions if they want to recharge devices such as cellphones or tablets reliably.

  • During a trip increased use of mobile phones for taking photographs, storing itineraries, social network sharing, getting directions and playing games will drain the batteries towards the end of the day. Beyond the inconvenience of missing photo opportunities this could potentially leave you without adequate power to make an emergency call or being able to use a GPS app to find your way back to hotel or accommodation.
  • Using a power bank [9] in Bulgaria lowers the risk as it allows you to recharge your cell phone without needing a Bulgarian power outlet, especially when travelling to a location with frequent power outages.
  • Use at least a 10,000mAh power bank [9] which will supply enough electricity to cover around 3 full charges whilst a 20,000mAh portable charger [16] should keep an average smart phone powered for almost 7 days.
  • If you want to charge your laptop with a power bank in Bulgaria and it it supports USB-C charging then use a portable charger for a laptop [17] marked with PD (power delivery) which supplies at least 20 Wh.
  • Before travelling be aware that some airlines won't let you take batteries on an aircraft with more than 100Wh of power and must not be left in checked-in luggage so please check ahead with the carrier first.
  • Small consumer portable chargers aren't strong enough for high wattage items that generate heat, but a rechargeable hair dryer [14] or gas hair straighteners [15] can be used for travelling to countries with regular power cuts such as Bulgaria.
Does a solar powered charger work in Bulgaria?

Solar backpack in the sun

Does a solar powered charger work in Bulgaria?

The climate in Bulgaria might be suitable for a solar power bank [19], however it may take time to recharge. Due to their compact surface area a solar power bank will need to be kept in powerful daylight for a long period of time to produce enough power for a single charge cycle, which might prove inconvenient to repeatedly unpack a solar power bank and wait for it to recharge in a sunny area.

  • Instead, the bigger durable solar panels found on a solar backpack [18] give the bag the ability to generate more electricity within a shorter period of time, and could also generate charge when cloudy.
  • A phone that is directly plugged into a USB port of a backpack will gradually charge the power during sunny spells in Bulgaria, but might be inconvenient to have a phone constantly tethered in the bag if it is to be used frequently. A normal power bank [9] plugged in a solar backpack can be continuously topped up inside the bag during sunlight, afterwards you can recharge the phone from the power bank without being attached to the bag.
  • A solar bag that is suitable for Bulgaria needs to have a solar cell efficiency of 22% or more, can generate a minimum of 6 watts of power and can be used with a 10,000mAH power bank or greater.
  • They are found in backpack, laptop messenger and rucksack styles making them ideal for work, travel and domestic use. Unlike regular rigid solar cells, the flexible and durable solar cells used in solar powered bags have been built to survive bending and scratches.

Sources

  • International Electrotechnical Commission - World plugs by location (cited August 2014)
  • Wikipedia - Mains electricity by country (cited July 2014)
  • Index Mundi - Power outages in a typical month (cited May 2018, data collected between 2006 to 2017)
  • Index Mundi - Access to electricity (cited May 2018, latest data collected 2010)
  • WikiPedia - List of countries by average yearly temperature (cited May 2018, data averaged between 1961 to 1990)

Bulgaria chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for charging multiple USB powered devices when travelling abroad.

What USB charger do I need for Bulgaria?

If you are travelling with more than just one device then the best international travel charger for Bulgaria is a multiple USB charger which includes compatible plugs such as a 4 port USB travel charger [2]. Bulgarians use two different types of plug sockets (F and C) and bringing this will ensure that you are covered for type C. Because these chargers are supplied with interchangeable pins and can handle from 100 volts to 240 volts it makes them ideal for multiple countries around the world just by changing the supplied heads over. If your device is compatible with Fast Charge (note that not all USB devices do) then you will benefit from much quicker charging times with one of these USB travel adapters, and support for certain power demanding devices.

Unlike other travel adapters having a 4 port charger will also allow you to recharge multiple devices at once without needing to pack seperate power adapters on your trip to Bulgaria. Only needing to pack a single lightweight travel charger will help keep the weight down, making it perfect to fold up in hand luggage as well as being on hand for charging your devices at an airport or on the plane. Due to their flexibility these types of adapters can be used back at home as well as abroad so when you're not travelling they can be used overnight charging multiple tablets and phones without needing an additional power outlet.

We suggest buying a versatile travel adapter like this at an electronics retailer - the multipurpose travel adapter illustrated here is the 4 Port USB Wall Charger [2] which has been successfully tested with multiple USB devices in numerous different countries around the world on a daily basis.

What USB charger do I need for Bulgaria?

Why use a travel USB charger for Bulgaria?

  • Most travel USB chargers include multiple USB charger ports, this means that you should only need to bring a single charger to charge all your devices. Instead of bringing 4 individual power chargers you only need to pack a single 4 port USB wall charger and power up to 4 separate devices, thereby cutting down on the size and weight of your baggage.
  • All travel USB power chargers should include interchangeable plug heads for different power outlet types. This is ideal if visiting other countries which will probably use a different standard to Bulgaria.
  • Good chargers are lightweight, compact and rugged; perfect for the rigors of travel instead of than risking bringing a domestic charger which might be hard to replace or repair in Bulgaria.
  • USB travel chargers can accept both the 230 volts used in Bulgaria power outlets and different voltage standards across the world.
  • It's possible that some hotels in Bulgaria only have one power outlet, by using a travel charger with multiple USB ports means you can share out the single power supply with family or other traveler instead of waiting to charge one device at a time.
  • Due to their flexible nature they take the worry out of travelling to an unknown country as they are guaranteed to work almost anywhere on the planet.
  • Power outlets found in airports can be scant and demand for charging multiple devices before a flight can be high, so a USB travel charger with multiple ports and the capability to fast charge is perect.
  • The power grid in some countries can be unstable, a travel charger allows for unexpected spikes and will help prevent damage to any devices attached to it. Attempting to repair an overloaded mobile phone in Bulgaria might prove inconvenient and costly.
  • Premium USB travel chargers will also incorporate power outlet strips to power low wattage domestic appliances such as laptops, however these are unsuitable for high wattage appliances such as hair dryers or clothes irons. Read the guide on using travel appliances in Bulgaria for advice and guidelines on the best power adapter for using a high powered appliances in a Bulgarian power outlet.
  • Certain mobile phones could require more than the normal 500 mA produced from a standard 5 volt USB power adapter to charge or provide fast charge. Ensure that the USB power adapter can support fast charging should any of your devices need extra power.
  • On returning home travel USB power chargers can still be used by charging multiple mobile phones on a daily basis using only a single power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for Bulgaria?

The is the most compact option for travellers from any country who only have USB devices, but for visitors also wanting to use their domestic plugs these power converters provide larger but more versatile solutions. All 3 power adapters offer surge protection which can be useful for visitors of regions with unstable power grids to prevent damage to any connected devices from voltage spikes. These power adapters come with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering Europe, America, Australia, United Kingdom, Japan, China and over 150 destinations:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK international travel converter has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the most popular portable power converter for travellers originating from America going to Bulgaria using 3 pinned type B US plug sockets.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Likewise having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers from North America using type B plugs. This is a more cost effective alternative to the BESTEK with only 1 less AC outlet at almost half the price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has 2 AC outlets but offers 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it perfect for a majority of travellers from around the world visiting Bulgaria.

Power converters for Bulgaria

What is a power converter for a Bulgarian power outlet?

Power converters enable you to use a 100, 110 or 120 volt electrical appliance with a 230 volt Bulgarian power outlet.

Also known as: electrical converter, electrical transformer, voltage converter, power transformer or voltage transformer.

What is the difference between a power converter and a power adapter for Bulgaria?

An expensive and heavy power converter [20] converts a 230 volt Bulgarian power outlet to work with a non-230 volt appliance, whereas a more lightweight and smaller power adapter (or plug adapter) will change the shape of the plug on your device to fit into a power outlet found in Bulgaria.

Do I need a power converter for Bulgaria?

When you are visiting Bulgaria from a different region please ensure that the device can be charged using a 230 volt power supply.

  • A step down power converter [21] is needed if you are travelling to Bulgaria from a country that uses 100-120 volts and your appliance or device won't support 230 volts. Read our WikiConnections world power outlets guide to discover which voltage is used in your country.
  • You shouldn't need a power converter if you are already using either a single voltage device that works with 230 volts or one that is dual voltage.
  • Devices designed for a lower voltage (such as 110 volts) and used in a 230 volt outlet run the risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device.
  • You won't need a converter if you wish to charge a smaller electrical device such as a mobile phone or laptop as these are normally dual voltage and designed for international use, however you should always always check the device for dual voltage support first.
  • For supplying power to appliances which draw more power or generate heat (for example clothes irons and hair dryers) then you will need to use a more expensive higher wattage heavy duty power converter [6].
  • Buying a smaller robust dual voltage travel appliance could be more practical and cost effective than carrying a much heavier power converter just to use your existing domestic appliance.
  • For more information read these comprehensive travel guides on using curling wands, clothes irons, hair straighteners and hair dryers in Bulgaria , along with guides for some affordable dual voltage alternatives.

Do I need a power converter for Bulgaria if I'm from the US?

The voltage from a power outlet in Bulgaria is different to an American outlet, therefore please bring a step down power converter [21] if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage.

What converter do I need for Bulgaria?

To use any 100-120 volt appliance in Bulgaria you will need to buy a step down power converter [21].

How to convert 230 volts to 110 volts

  1. Use a step down power converter [21] to allow you to use a 110 or 120 volt appliance with a 230 volt Bulgarian power outlet.
  2. If the power converter doesn't include the correct shaped plug then it will also be necessary to plug in the power cord from the power converter into a power adapter for Bulgaria before plugging that into a Bulgarian power outlet.
  3. Some power converters include the ability to perform both step up and step down voltage conversions, therefore it may be necessary to manually switch the converter to output the voltage to the 110-120 volt range.
  4. Plug your appliance into the converter and turn the power on, your 110-120 volt appliance can now be used with a 230 volt Bulgarian power outlet.
What is the difference between a transformer and a converter?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a transformer and a converter?

Converters and transformers are both used to change one voltage to another, but this ambiguity can cause confusion as their purposes are different:

  • Power converters are designed for simple electrical appliances which typically generate heat or use motors such as clothes irons, shavers or hair dryers. Transformers are designed for more complex electronic items such as televisions or games consoles.
  • Buying a power converter is cheaper than buying a power transformer.
  • Power transformers are larger and heavier making them more suited for permanent residential use; for example an expat wishing to use an imported television would need to use a transformer for this purpose.
  • Power converters are more suitable for travellers wishing to bring domestic appliances abroad such as hair dryers or flat irons. However, it is more practical and cost effective to purchase a dual voltage appliance designed for travel rather than a heavier power converter.
  • Power converters are suitable for 2 pin ungrounded appliances, it could be harder to find a converter if you want to use a grounded 3 pin appliance.
  • Transformers can be used constantly however it is recommended that converters are used for no longer than a couple of hours at a time.
  • Shops may sell transformers under the name of converters, for the purposes this guide we will be referring to both converters and transformers as converters.

What voltage is used in Bulgaria?

Bulgaria uses 230 volts in their standard power outlets.

What voltage is my appliance?

Dual voltage hair dryer

What voltage is my appliance?

The best way to tell if your device is dual voltage is to look for either a sticker or numbers printed on the supplied charger or on the unit itself, typically on the rear or near to where the power cord goes. This location might vary depending on the make or model of your unit but could also be written on the box or in the instruction manual.

  • Single voltage devices might have a specific number - such as 240V.
  • Single voltage devices could also have a small voltage range (around 20 volts) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 100-120V.
  • Dual voltage devices will say a large voltage range separated with a slash - such as 100/240V.

What can I connect to a Bulgarian power outlet

Travel appliances that can connect to a Bulgarian power outlet

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to a Bulgarian power outlet

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with a Bulgarian power outlet

Mobile phones which work with the Bulgarian power outlet

Apple iPhones which can be connected to a Bulgarian power outlet

Samsung Galaxy phones that can connect to a Bulgarian power outlet

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which can connect to a Bulgarian power outlet

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with a Bulgarian power outlet

Corrections

We endeavor to ensure all details on this page are correct and relevant to travelers visiting Bulgaria, if you wish to contribute any useful information or feedback please email travel@wikiconnections.org. For more comprehensive technical details visit the Wikipedia page on AC power plugs and sockets [22].

See also

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgaria - Bulgaria country Wiki page.
  2. 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters.
  3. Type C plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type C power outlets without converting voltage.
  4. Type F plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type F power outlets without converting voltage.
  5. Dual voltage travel hair dryer - Folding handle hair dryer with dual voltage suitable for international travel.
  6. Heavy duty power converter - A 5000 watt heavy duty step up and step down power converter used to convert voltages for domestic appliances, power tools, televisions, heating appliances and motors.
  7. Dual voltage travel hair straighteners - Hair straighteners with adjustable temperature and dual voltage for 110 volts and 220 volts suitable for international travel.
  8. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  9. Portable charger - A power bank is a portable charger which can recharge USB powered devices such as mobile phones and tablets on the go.
  10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adapter - power adaptor
  11. Multiple power adapter travel set - international travel plug adapter set .
  12. Portable international travel plug adapter - AC Wall Charger with 2 USB sockets and outlets for US, UK, Australia and European power plugs which works in over 150 countries.
  13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  14. Rechargeable hair dryer - Rechargeable battery powered blow dryer suitable for travelling.
  15. Gas hair straighteners - Cordless ceramic hair straighteners powered by gas cartridges.
  16. 20,000mAh portable charger - High capacity 20000mAh high-speed portable USB charger suitable for charging mobile phones and some tablets for several days.
  17. USB-C PD power bank - Power Delivery charger suitable for charging laptops with USB-C support.
  18. Solar backpack - A solar backpack will charge USB devices or an internal power bank when left in sunlight.
  19. Solar power bank - Portable power bank with solar cells which can recharge when placed in sunlight and power any USB powered device.
  20. Power converter - A step up step down power converter converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts.
  21. Step down power converter - A step down power converter allows a 100-120 volt appliance to be used in a 220-240 volt power outlet.
  22. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_power_plugs_and_sockets - AC power plugs and sockets