Eritrea power adapters - what plugs are used in Eritrea?

Eritrean power outlet

What adapter do I need for Eritrea?

Bring a Type L plug adapter [3] to Eritrea if your plug doesn't fit in an Eritrean power outlet.

The type of plug adapter, power converter or charger that's needed when visiting Eritrea all depend on the voltage and type of device that you're attempting to use in an Eritrean power outlet. If you do not know what voltage your device uses then read the section on how can you tell if you have a single voltage or dual voltage device first.

  • Certain areas in Eritrea do not have access to power and suffer from regular blackouts, we suggest bringing a power bank [4] if you wish to keep your cellphone battery charged whilst in an area without power or during a power cut.
  • If you are visiting Eritrea from the US then you will need to use a suitable power adapter to fit a US plug into an Eritrean power outlet. Because the voltage is different in Eritrea you will also need to bring a power converter for Eritrea if your device isn't dual voltage and ensure that it can work with a 50hz power outlet.
  • If your device is 230 volts or is dual voltage and your plug fits in an Eritrean power outlet then you can use it in Eritrea without needing anything else.
  • If your device is 230 volts or is dual voltage but the plug won't fit in an Eritrean power outlet you'll need a suitable plug adapter for Eritrea such a Type L plug adapter [3]. A plug adapter for Eritrea (or power adapter) only changes the shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in Eritrea, but but is unable to change the voltage from 230 volts to another voltage.
  • If your device is unable to use 230 volts and isn't dual voltage then you will also need a power converter for Eritrea to convert the voltage from 230 volts to the correct voltage for your device. You'll still need to pack a suitable plug adapter for Eritrea if your power converter doesn't have the correct Type L plug adapter.
  • If you only want to power your USB devices such as a tablet or mobile phone then a USB travel power adapter will be more suited and it should work with any voltage, however make sure that you bring a USB travel adapter which has a Type L plug adapter otherwise you will also need to pack a suitable plug adapter for Eritrea.

Warning: If your device won't handle 230 volts you run a risk of an electrical fire hazard, blowing a fuse or damage to your device. Before attempting to use your device in Eritrea please read the instruction manual to ensure safe operation.

Eritrea power adapters

Power adapters for Eritrea

Various voltages and standards can often be confusing when planning to stay in another country, especially if you've never visited before. This isn't as complex as it appears, with only a handful of different types of plug sockets being used throughout the world this article shows exactly what you'll need in advance to power your electronics in Eritrea. This page contains links to step-by-step instructions telling you exactly how to charge your devices when you're visiting Eritrea using their types L or C Eritrean 230 volt 50Hz wall outlets. Most power sockets vary depending on which region you are in therefore please read the power adapters for a complete list of countries.

What is the best power adapter for Eritrea?

The best power adapter for Eritrea is a Type L power adapter [3] which will allow you to use any 230 volt device or appliance.

What is the best power adapter for Eritrea?

What is a power adapter?

A power adapter for Eritrea is a small and lightweight plastic adapter that allows a power plug from a foreign country to correctly fit into a power outlet in Eritrea.

Also known as: an electrical adapter, plug adapter, travel adapter, electrical adaptor, mains travel adapter or power adaptor [5].

What does a power adapter for Eritrea do?

A power adapter allows visitors from another location to use their electrical appliances in Eritrea by altering the shape of the plug from one type to another.

Do I need a plug adapter for Eritrea?

It will depend on where you are travelling from and the type of plug you are attempting to use.

Will I need a plug adapter for Eritrea if I'm visiting from the US?

American plugs won't fit into an Eritrean power outlet so you will need to bring a plug adapter for Eritrea, and because the voltage is different you will also need to use a power converter for Eritrea if your charger or appliance isn't dual voltage which prevents damage or overheating.

Does a power adapter change the voltage from an Eritrean power outlet?

Power adapters will only adapt the shape of a plug to fit into a 230 volt Eritrean power outlet and is unable to convert to a higher voltage. Should you need to safely use any 100-120 volt appliance you also need to bring a more expensive step down power converter for Eritrea along with the correct adapter.

Eritrea power outlets and plug sockets

What plug sockets are used in Eritrea?

Type C and L power outlets

What plug sockets are used in Eritrea?

There are two different types of power supply used in Eritrea, these are type L and C with the primary power supply being type L:

  • Plug Type C - You can recognise the power outlet by 2 round holes adjacent to each other.
  • Plug Type L - You can identify the flattened hexagon shaped plug socket by 3 circular adjecent holes forming a line. There are two variations of Type L power socket rated at 10 amps and 16 amps. A 10 amp version has 4mm thick round pins spaced 5.5mm apart and a 16 amp version has larger 5mm thick round pins that are spaced 8mm apart.

Do US plugs work in Eritrea?

No; an American plug won't work in Eritrea because it won't fit into an Eritrean power outlet without using a plug adapter. Also, the voltage is different therefore you will need to use a power converter if your charger or appliance isn't dual voltage and check that your device or appliance is compatible with a 50hz power outlet.

What is the frequency used in Eritrea?

The frequency from an Eritrean power outlet is 50 Hz.

How do I use a 110 volt appliance in Eritrea?

Use a step down power converter should you wish to use a 110 volt appliance in an Eritrean power outlet.

Is an electrical outlet in Eritrea the same as the US?

American plugs won't fit in an Eritrean power outlet so you will need to bring a plug adapter for Eritrea. Both the voltage and frequency are different so if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage you will need to use a power converter for Eritrea and ensure that it works with 50hz.

Is the voltage in Eritrea the same as the US?

The voltage in Eritrea is 230 volts, but 120 volts is used in America. If your US charger or appliance can't handle dual voltage then you need a suitable power converter for Eritrea which allows a 120 volt US device to work in a 230 volt outlet.

What is access to electrical power in Eritrea like?

Less than 50% of the population has access to electrical power in Eritrea.

Does Eritrea have power outages?

It is reported that there are potentially monthly power cuts in parts of Eritrea.

Should I use a portable charger in Eritrea?

A USB power bank for charging phones

Should I use a portable charger in Eritrea?

As power isn't available in all areas of Eritrea alongside the lack of a stable power grid, visitors should bring alternative charging options if they need to continue using devices such as mobile phones or eReaders.

  • Whilst travelling increased reliance on cell phones for storing calendars, taking photographs, getting directions, social network sharing and staying entertained will syphon off power more excessively than normal. A flat mobile phone battery could possibly leave you stranded without sufficient power to make an emergency call or being able to use a sat nav app to get directions to your accommodation. By packing a power bank [4] alleviates those concerns as it means you can keep your smart phone charged on the go, especially when travelling to a country with limited access to electricity and power cuts in some areas.
  • A typical 10,000mAh portable charger [4] can store enough energy to cover over three full days of mobile phone use while a 20,000mAh power bank [9] should keep a typical mobile phone powered for around seven days depending on the model of phone and usage. The mAh rating describes the capacity of the battery and gives an indication of the number of charge cycles the portable charger can achieve, therefore a higher number will be better for travellers.
  • Providing that your laptop supports USB-C charging then a portable charger for a laptop [10] marked with PD (power delivery) that supplies at least 20Wh can be used to extend the battery life of the laptop. Please note that some airlines don't allow you bring power banks on an aircraft with more than 100 Wh of power and must be kept in carry-on luggage only.
  • Consumer portable chargers won't work with high powered items that generate heat, although a rechargeable hair dryer [7] or gas hair straighteners [8] are designed for travelling to areas with power cuts and limited access to electricity like Eritrea.
How well do solar battery chargers work in Eritrea?

Solar backpacks are ideal for hot climates

How well do solar battery chargers work in Eritrea?

The sunshine in Eritrea should be adequate enough to charge solar power bank [12] dependably, however it will need to be exposed to strong daylight to produce enough power for a single charge cycle. It may prove inconvenient to constantly unpack a solar power bank then wait for it to recharge in sunny spells.

  • The much larger solar cells used on a solar backpack [11] will give the bag the ability to generate more power within a faster period of time, making them ideal for the climate in Eritrea.
  • A device that has been directly plugged into the USB port of a backpack should gradually top up the power during sunny spells in Eritrea, however might be inconvenient to have it constantly tethered in the bag during the day if it is to be used frequently. A regular power bank [4] plugged in a solar backpack can be continuously powered up inside the bag during sunlight, afterwards you can power up the phone from the power bank at any time without being attached to the bag.
  • Although the climate in Eritrea is suitable for solar power, a bag should have a solar cell efficiency of 22% or more, be able to generate at least 6 watts of energy and can be used with a power bank of 10,000mAH or stronger. The flexible and durable solar panels used in solar powered bags are designed to survive scratches and bending, unlike normal solid solar panels. They are found in backpack, messenger and rucksack styles making them perfect for domestic, work and travel.

Sources

  • International Electrotechnical Commission - World plugs by location (cited August 2014)
  • Wikipedia - Mains electricity by country (cited July 2014)
  • Index Mundi - Power outages in a typical month (cited May 2018, data collected between 2006 to 2017)
  • Index Mundi - Access to electricity (cited May 2018, latest data collected 2010)
  • WikiPedia - List of countries by average yearly temperature (cited May 2018, data averaged between 1961 to 1990)

Eritrea chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for charging multiple USB powered devices when travelling abroad.

What USB charger do I need for Eritrea?

If travelling to multiple countries the best travel power adapter for Eritrea to buy is a multiple USB port adapter which includes swappable plugs like a 4 port USB travel charger [13]. There are two types of wall outlets in Eritrea (L and C) and using a travel charger like this ensures that you are covered for type C.

As these types of chargers come with interchangeable pins and handle 100 - 240 volts will mean that you can travel to over 100 countries in North America, Europe, Asia and Africa simply by switching the plugs over. If your model of device can support Fast Charge then you will benefit from much faster recharging times by using one of these types of power chargers and additional compatibility with more power hungry devices. Having a 4 port adapter means you can charge more than one device at the same time without needing to bring multiple travel chargers for your Eritrean trip or occupying additional power outlets. Only bringing a single lightweight USB travel charger will also keep the overall weight and size down, making it perfect to store in hand baggage while travelling. Because of their space saving versatility these types of power chargers can be used when back at home so when you're not on holiday they can sit under your bedside table charging multiple tablets and smartphones and using just a single plug socket.

For those travelling often we recommend searching for this type of versatile power charger online. The power charger illustrated here is the 4 Port USB Wall Charger [13] which has been tested successfully for recharging multiple USB devices in numerous countries with perfect reliably.

What USB charger do I need for Eritrea?

Why use a travel USB charger for Eritrea?

  • Most travel USB chargers include multiple USB charger ports, this means that you should only need to bring a single charger to charge all your devices. Instead of bringing 4 individual power chargers you only need to pack a single 4 port USB wall charger and power up to 4 separate devices, thereby cutting down on the size and weight of your baggage.
  • All travel USB power chargers should include interchangeable plug heads for different power outlet types. This is ideal if visiting other countries which will probably use a different standard to Eritrea.
  • Good chargers are lightweight, compact and rugged; perfect for the rigors of travel instead of than risking bringing a domestic charger which might be hard to replace or repair in Eritrea.
  • USB travel chargers can accept both the 230 volts used in Eritrea power outlets and different voltage standards across the world.
  • It's possible that some hotels in Eritrea only have one power outlet, by using a travel charger with multiple USB ports means you can share out the single power supply with family or other traveler instead of waiting to charge one device at a time.
  • Due to their flexible nature they take the worry out of travelling to an unknown country as they are guaranteed to work almost anywhere on the planet.
  • Power outlets found in airports can be scant and demand for charging multiple devices before a flight can be high, so a USB travel charger with multiple ports and the capability to fast charge is perect.
  • The power grid in some countries can be unstable, a travel charger allows for unexpected spikes and will help prevent damage to any devices attached to it. Attempting to repair an overloaded mobile phone in Eritrea might prove inconvenient and costly.
  • Premium USB travel chargers will also incorporate power outlet strips to power low wattage domestic appliances such as laptops, however these are unsuitable for high wattage appliances such as hair dryers or clothes irons. Read the guide on using travel appliances in Eritrea for advice and guidelines on the best power adapter for using a high powered appliances in an Eritrean power outlet.
  • Certain mobile phones could require more than the normal 500 mA produced from a standard 5 volt USB power adapter to charge or provide fast charge. Ensure that the USB power adapter can support fast charging should any of your devices need extra power.
  • On returning home travel USB power chargers can still be used by charging multiple mobile phones on a daily basis using only a single power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for Eritrea?

The is the most compact option for travellers from any country who only have USB devices, but for visitors also wanting to use their domestic plugs these power converters provide larger but more versatile solutions. All 3 power adapters offer surge protection which can be useful for visitors of regions with unstable power grids to prevent damage to any connected devices from voltage spikes. These power adapters come with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering Europe, America, Australia, United Kingdom, Japan, China and over 150 destinations:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK international travel converter has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the most popular portable power converter for travellers originating from America going to Eritrea using 3 pinned type B US plug sockets.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Likewise having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers from North America using type B plugs. This is a more cost effective alternative to the BESTEK with only 1 less AC outlet at almost half the price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has 2 AC outlets but offers 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it perfect for a majority of travellers from around the world visiting Eritrea.

Power converters for Eritrea

What is a power converter for an Eritrean power outlet?

Power converters enable you to use a 100, 110 or 120 volt electrical appliance with a 230 volt Eritrean power outlet.

Also known as: electrical converter, electrical transformer, voltage converter, power transformer or voltage transformer.

What is the difference between a power converter and a power adapter for Eritrea?

An expensive and heavy power converter [14] converts a 230 volt Eritrean power outlet to work with a non-230 volt appliance, whereas a more lightweight and smaller power adapter (or plug adapter) will change the shape of the plug on your device to fit into a power outlet found in Eritrea.

Do I need a power converter for Eritrea?

When you are visiting Eritrea from a different region please ensure that the device can be charged using a 230 volt power supply.

  • A step down power converter [15] is needed if you are travelling to Eritrea from a country that uses 100-120 volts and your appliance or device won't support 230 volts. Read our WikiConnections world power outlets guide to discover which voltage is used in your country.
  • You shouldn't need a power converter if you are already using either a single voltage device that works with 230 volts or one that is dual voltage.
  • Devices designed for a lower voltage (such as 110 volts) and used in a 230 volt outlet run the risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device.
  • You won't need a converter if you wish to charge a smaller electrical device such as a mobile phone or laptop as these are normally dual voltage and designed for international use, however you should always always check the device for dual voltage support first.
  • For supplying power to appliances which draw more power or generate heat (for example clothes irons and hair dryers) then you will need to use a more expensive higher wattage heavy duty power converter [16].
  • Buying a smaller robust dual voltage travel appliance could be more practical and cost effective than carrying a much heavier power converter just to use your existing domestic appliance.
  • For more information read these comprehensive travel guides on using curling wands, clothes irons, hair straighteners and hair dryers in Eritrea , along with guides for some affordable dual voltage alternatives.

Do I need a power converter for Eritrea if I'm from the US?

The voltage from a power outlet in Eritrea is different to an American outlet, therefore please bring a step down power converter [15] if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage.

What converter do I need for Eritrea?

To use any 100-120 volt appliance in Eritrea you will need to buy a step down power converter [15].

What voltage is used in Eritrea?

Eritrea uses 230 volts in their standard power outlets.

How to convert 230 volts to 110 volts

  1. Use a step down power converter [15] to allow you to use a 110 or 120 volt appliance with an 230 volt Eritrean power outlet.
  2. If the power converter doesn't include the correct shaped plug then it will also be necessary to plug in the power cord from the power converter into a power adapter for Eritrea before plugging that into an Eritrean power outlet.
  3. Some power converters include the ability to perform both step up and step down voltage conversions, therefore it may be necessary to manually switch the converter to output the voltage to the 110-120 volt range.
  4. Plug your appliance into the converter and turn the power on, your 110-120 volt appliance can now be used with an 230 volt Eritrean power outlet.
What is the difference between a transformer and a converter?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a transformer and a converter?

Converters and transformers are both used to change one voltage to another, but this ambiguity can cause confusion as their purposes are different:

  • Power converters are designed for simple electrical appliances which typically generate heat or use motors such as clothes irons, shavers or hair dryers. Transformers are designed for more complex electronic items such as televisions or games consoles.
  • Buying a power converter is cheaper than buying a power transformer.
  • Power transformers are larger and heavier making them more suited for permanent residential use; for example an expat wishing to use an imported television would need to use a transformer for this purpose.
  • Power converters are more suitable for travellers wishing to bring domestic appliances abroad such as hair dryers or flat irons. However, it is more practical and cost effective to purchase a dual voltage appliance designed for travel rather than a heavier power converter.
  • Power converters are suitable for 2 pin ungrounded appliances, it could be harder to find a converter if you want to use a grounded 3 pin appliance.
  • Transformers can be used constantly however it is recommended that converters are used for no longer than a couple of hours at a time.
  • Shops may sell transformers under the name of converters, for the purposes this guide we will be referring to both converters and transformers as converters.
What voltage is my appliance?

Dual voltage hair straighteners

What voltage is my appliance?

The best way to tell if your device is dual voltage is to look for either a sticker or numbers printed on the supplied charger or on the unit itself, typically on the rear or near to where the power cord goes. This location might vary depending on the make or model of your unit but could also be written on the box or in the instruction manual.

  • Single voltage devices might have a specific number - such as 240V.
  • Single voltage devices could also have a small voltage range (around 20 volts) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 100-120V.
  • Dual voltage devices will say a large voltage range separated with a slash - such as 100/240V.

What can I connect to an Eritrean power outlet?

Travel appliances that can connect to an Eritrean power outlet

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to an Eritrean power outlet

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with an Eritrean power outlet

Mobile phones which work with the Eritrean power outlet

Apple iPhones which can be connected to an Eritrean power outlet

Samsung Galaxy phones that can connect to an Eritrean power outlet

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which can connect to an Eritrean power outlet

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with an Eritrean power outlet

Corrections

We endeavor to ensure all details on this page are correct and relevant to travelers visiting Eritrea, if you wish to contribute any useful information or feedback please email travel@wikiconnections.org. For more comprehensive technical details visit the Wikipedia page on AC power plugs and sockets [17].

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eritrea - Eritrea country Wiki page.
  2. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  3. Type L plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type L power outlets without converting voltage.
  4. Portable charger - A power bank is a portable charger which can recharge USB powered devices such as mobile phones and tablets on the go.
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adapter - power adaptor
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  7. Rechargeable hair dryer - Rechargeable battery powered blow dryer suitable for travelling.
  8. Gas hair straighteners - Cordless ceramic hair straighteners powered by gas cartridges.
  9. 20,000mAh portable charger - High capacity 20000mAh high-speed portable USB charger suitable for charging mobile phones and some tablets for several days.
  10. USB-C PD power bank - Power Delivery charger suitable for charging laptops with USB-C support.
  11. Solar backpack - A solar backpack will charge USB devices or an internal power bank when left in sunlight.
  12. Solar power bank - Portable power bank with solar cells which can recharge when placed in sunlight and power any USB powered device.
  13. 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters.
  14. Power converter - A step up step down power converter converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts.
  15. Step down power converter - A step down power converter allows a 100-120 volt appliance to be used in a 220-240 volt power outlet.
  16. Heavy duty power converter - A 5000 watt heavy duty step up and step down power converter used to convert voltages for domestic appliances, power tools, televisions, heating appliances and motors.
  17. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_power_plugs_and_sockets - AC power plugs and sockets