Nepal power adapters - what plugs are used in Nepal?

Nepali power outlet

What adapter do I need for Nepal?

You'll need to use a Type D plug adapter [3] for Nepal if your plug doesn't fit into a Nepali power outlet.

The type of power adapter, power converter or charger that's needed when visiting Nepal all depend on the voltage and type of device that you're attempting to use in a Nepali power outlet. If you do not know what voltage your device can use then read the section on how can you tell if you have a dual voltage device first.

  • Be prepared for frequent power outages and limited access to electricity in some areas of Nepal therefore you should pack a portable charger [4] if you want to keep your phone charged whilst in a region without access to power or during a power cut.
  • If you are from the US visiting Nepal then you will need to use a suitable plug adapter for Nepal to fit a US plug into a Nepali power outlet. Because the voltage is different in Nepal pack a power converter if your device or appliance isn't dual voltage and ensure that it will work with a 50hz power outlet.
  • If your device is 230 volts or is dual voltage and the plug can fit in a Nepali power outlet then you can use it in Nepal.
  • If your device can run on 230 volts or is dual voltage but the plug won't fit in a Nepali power outlet then you will need to bring a suitable plug adapter for Nepal such a Type D plug adapter [3]. A plug adapter for Nepal (or power adapter) changes the actual shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in Nepal, but doesn't convert the voltage from 230 volts to use with another voltage.
  • If your device doesn't run on 230 volts and isn't dual voltage you will also need a power converter for Nepal to convert the voltage from 230 volts to the correct voltage on your device. You will still need to bring along a suitable plug adapter for Nepal if your power converter doesn't include the correct Type D plug adapter.
  • If you need to bring one or more USB devices such as cell phones or tablets then a USB travel power adapter will be more suited and it should work with any voltage, but make sure that you bring a USB travel adapter which includes a Type D plug adapter otherwise you will also need to pack a suitable plug adapter for Nepal.

Warning: If your device won't handle the 230 volts used in Nepal you run the potential risk of damage to your device, an electrical fire hazard or blowing a fuse. Prior to using your device in Nepal please check the instruction manual first to ensure safe operation.

Nepal power adapters

Power adapters for Nepal

Various voltages and standards can often be confusing when planning to travel to another country, especially for the first time traveller. With only a handful of different types of common standards used throughout the world this article tells you exactly what you'll need in advance to charge your device in Nepal. This page has links to instructions showing how to power your devices when staying in Nepal by using the D, C or M type 230 volt 50Hz power outlets. Most power sockets differ depending on which country you are in therefore please read the power adapters for a complete list of countries.

What is the best power adapter for Nepal?

The best power adapter for Nepal is a Type D power adapter [3] which is suitable for powering any 230 volt appliance or device.

What is the best power adapter for Nepal?

What is a power adapter for a Nepali power outlet?

Power adapters are small and lightweight plastic adapters that permit a Nepali power outlet to accept a different type of power plug from a foreign region.

Also known as: an electrical adapter, plug adapter, travel adapter, electrical adaptor, mains travel adapter or power adaptor [5].

What does a power adapter for Nepal do?

A power adapter allows visitors from another location to use their electronic appliances and devices in Nepal by altering the shape of the plug from one type to another.

Do I need a plug adapter for Nepal?

If the power plug that you want to use isn't the same as the type of Nepali power outlet then you will need a power adapter.

Do I need a power adapter if I'm visiting Nepal from the US?

If you are travelling from America bring a plug adapter for Nepal because a US plug won't physically fit into a Nepali power outlet, and as the voltage is 230 volts you will also need to use a power converter for Nepal to prevent overheating or damage to your appliance or device if it isn't dual voltage.

Will a power adapter convert the voltage in Nepal?

No - a power adapter only adapts the shape of a plug to fit into a 230 volt Nepali power outlet and can't convert the power to a different voltage. If you wish to safely use a 100, 110 or 120 volt device then you will also need a step down power converter along with the right type of power adapter.

Nepal power outlets and plug sockets

What plug sockets are used in Nepal?

Type C, D and M power outlets

What plug sockets are used in Nepal?

There are three different types of power supply used in Nepal, these are type D, C and M with the primary power supply being type D:

  • Plug Type C - This unearthed wall outlet can be identified by 2 adjacent holes next to each other.
  • Plug Type D - You can recognise the plug socket by the 3 holes in a triangle shape for live, neutral and earth pins.
  • Plug Type M - You can recognise this wall outlet by three large round holes forming a triangular shape.

Do US plugs work in Nepal?

No; a US plug won't work in Nepal because it can't fit into a Nepali power outlet without using a power adapter. The voltage is 230 volts so please use a power converter for Nepal if your device isn't dual voltage and check that your device can work with a 50hz power outlet.

What electrical frequency is used in Nepal?

The frequency of the current from a Nepali power outlet is 50Hz.

Is a Nepali power outlet the same as the US?

US plugs won't fit in a Nepali power outlet therefore you will need to bring a plug adapter for Nepal. Both the voltage and frequency are different so if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage you need to use a power converter for Nepal and ensure that it works with 50hz.

How do I use a 110 volt appliance in Nepal?

To use a 110V appliance in a Nepali power outlet you need a step down power converter.

Is the voltage in Nepal the same as the US?

The voltage in Nepal is 230 volts, but 120 volts is used in America. If your American charger or appliance isn't dual voltage then you will need to use a power converter for Nepal which can change the voltage from 230 volts to 120 volts.

Does Nepal have power outages?

Several times every month in parts of Nepal power outages are reported and with this high level of unpredictability travellers are advised to prepare accordingly.

What is access to electrical power in Nepal like?

Almost 25% of the population has access to electrical power in Nepal.

Should I use a power bank in Nepal?

A USB portable charger

Should I use a power bank in Nepal?

Because electricity isn't available to 100% of the population of Nepal along with problems with the stability of the power grid, travellers are advised to pack alternate charging options if they wish to continue charging devices such as phones or eReaders.

  • Whilst travelling to Nepal increased reliance on cell phones for storing itineraries, taking photographs, getting directions, social network sharing and staying entertained can syphon off power towards the end of the day. A flat smart phone battery could potentially leave you in an unknown location without adequate power to make an emergency call or being able to use a GPS app to find your way back to accommodation or hotel. Bringing a power bank [4] lowers the risk as it allows you to recharge your smart phone without using a Nepali power outlet, especially when visiting a country with a lack of access to power and power outages in some areas.
  • A 10,000mAh power bank [4] can store enough electricity to power over three full charges and a 20,000mAh power bank [9] should keep a typical smart phone charged for roughly seven days depending on the model of phone and usage.
  • Should you need to charge your laptop with a power bank in Nepal and your laptop it supports USB-C charging then use a portable charger for a laptop [10] marked with PD (power delivery) which supplies at least 20 Wh.
  • However be aware that some airlines prohibit power banks on an aircraft that supply 100Wh of power or more and must not be kept in the hold.
  • Average consumer power banks won't work with high wattage items, although a rechargeable hair dryer [7] or gas hair straighteners [8] are designed for travelling to locations with frequent power cuts and a lack of access to electricity like Nepal.
Will a solar charger work in Nepal?

A backpack with solar panel

Will a solar charger work in Nepal?

The sunshine in Nepal can be suitable conditions for a solar power bank [12], however it is likely to take time to charge. Due to their compact surface area a solar power bank will need to be kept in powerful daylight for a long period of time to provide enough power for a single charge cycle, which might prove inconvenient to repeatedly unpack a solar power bank and wait for it to recharge in sunny spells.

  • The larger durable solar cells used on a solar backpack [11] give the bag the ability to generate more power within a faster period of time, and could still generate some power when overcast.
  • Phones which are directly plugged into the USB charging port of a solar backpack will trickle charge the battery during sunny periods in Nepal, however this could prove inconvenient to have a phone continually connected to the bag if it is to be needed constantly. A backback with solar cells is constantly exposed to sunlight so could be charging a power bank [4] during the day, unlike a small solar power bank that requires unpacking and facing the sunlight.
  • A bag which is suitable for Nepal should have a solar cell efficiency of at least 22%, be able to generate at least 6 watts of energy and includes a power bank of 10,000mAH or stronger.
  • They come in backpack, messenger and rucksack styles which makes them perfect for domestic, work and travel. Unlike regular firm solar panels, the flexible and durable solar cells used in solar powered bags have been built to survive bending and scratches.

Sources

  • International Electrotechnical Commission - World plugs by location (cited August 2014)
  • Wikipedia - Mains electricity by country (cited July 2014)
  • Index Mundi - Power outages in a typical month (cited May 2018, data collected between 2006 to 2017)
  • Index Mundi - Access to electricity (cited May 2018, latest data collected 2010)
  • WikiPedia - List of countries by average yearly temperature (cited May 2018, data averaged between 1961 to 1990)

Nepal chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for charging multiple USB powered devices when travelling abroad.

What USB charger do I need for Nepal?

When you are travelling with more than just one device then the best travel charger for Nepal is a multiple USB adapter which includes compatible plugs such as a 4 port USB travel charger [13]. There are three different standards of wall outlets that Nepali use (types D, C and M) and bringing this ensures that you are covered for type C. Because these chargers are supplied with interchangeable plugs and can handle from 100 volts to 240 volts it makes them ideal for multiple countries around the world simply by changing the supplied heads over. If your device is compatible with Fast Charge (not all USB devices will) then you will benefit from much faster recharging times with one of these power chargers, along with additional compatibility with more power hungry devices. This means you can power multiple devices simultaneously without needing to bring multiple travel adapters or using up additional wall outlets. By only packing a single travel charger will help keep the weight and size down, making it ideal to fold up in hand luggage as well as being on hand for charging your devices at an airport or on the plane. Because of their flexibility these types of adapters can be used when you return home as well as abroad so when you're not travelling they can sit overnight charging multiple phones and tablets and using only a single plug socket.

For those travelling regularly we recommend searching for this type of versatile power charger online, the power charger illustrated is the 4 Port USB Wall Charger [13] which has been successfully tested for recharging multiple USB devices in numerous foreign countries around the world.

What USB charger do I need for Nepal?

Why use a travel USB charger for Nepal?

  • Normal travel USB chargers include 4 or more USB charger ports, this means that you now only need to bring one charger to charge multiple devices. Rather than bring 4 individual power chargers it becomes only necessary to pack one 4 port USB wall charger to power up to 4 individual devices which cuts down on the weight and size of your luggage.
  • All travel USB power chargers should include interchangeable plug heads for different power outlet types. This is ideal if travelling across different countries which will probably use a different standard to Nepal.
  • Good USB travel chargers are compact, rugged and lightweight - ideal for the rigors of travel instead of than risking packing a domestic charger which could be hard to repair in Nepal.
  • USB chargers will accept the 230 volt power outlets in Nepal along with other voltage standards in other countries.
  • There is a possibility that accommodation or hotel rooms in Nepal might only have a single wall outlet, by using a travel charger with multiple USB ports allows you to share the single wall outlet with all your devices instead of having to wait to recharge each device one by one.
  • Because of their flexible nature they take the worry out of visiting any unknown country as they are guaranteed to work almost anywhere around the world.
  • Power outlets found in airports can be scarce and demand for charging multiple devices before a flight can be high, therefore a USB travel charger with multiple ports and the capability to fast charge is perect.
  • The power grid in some countries can be unstable, a travel charger allows for unexpected fluctuations to prevent damage to any devices attached to it. Attempting to repair an overloaded cell phone or tablet in Nepal might prove problematic and expensive.
  • More expensive USB travel chargers will also include a power outlet strip to allow you to use low powered devices such as laptops, however these will be unsuitable for high powered domestic such as hair dryers or clothes irons. Please refer to our section on using travel appliances with a Nepali power outlet for helpful guidelines and advice on the most suitable power adapter for a Nepali power outlet for high wattage appliances.
  • Some mobile phones could pull more than the standard 500 mA produced from a normal 5 volt USB adapter to charge or provide fast charge. Ensure that the USB power adapter can support fast charging should any of your devices need extra power.
  • Travel USB chargers can also be useful back at home by charging multiple mobile phones every night using only a single power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for Nepal?

The is the most compact option for travellers from around the world wanting to charge devices via USB, but for those also wishing to use their domestic plugs the following power adapters provide larger but more versatile solutions. All 3 power converters offer surge protection which is crucial for travellers to regions with unreliable power supplies to prevent damage to any connected appliances from voltage spikes. These power converters come with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering Europe, North America, Australia, United Kingdom, Japan, China and over 150 destinations:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK international travel converter has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the best selling portable power converter for travellers originating from America going to Nepal using 3 pinned type B US plug sockets.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Likewise having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers from the US using type B plugs. This is a much more cost effective alternative to the BESTEK with one less AC outlet for almost half the price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has 2 AC outlets but offers a more generous 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it ideal for most travellers from around the world visiting Nepal.

Power converters for Nepal

What is a power converter?

Power converters for Nepal allow travellers to use their 100-120 volt electric appliance with a 230 volt Nepali power outlet.

Also known as: electrical converter, electrical transformer, voltage converter, power transformer or voltage transformer.

What is the difference between a power converter and a power adapter for Nepal?

A lightweight, cheap and small power adapter (or plug adapter) changes the shape of the plug on your appliance to fit into a power outlet found in Nepal, but a more expensive and heavier power converter [14] transforms a 230 volt Nepali power outlet to work with a non-230 volt device.

Do I need a power converter for Nepal?

When visiting Nepal from another country please ensure the device will accept a 230 volt power supply.

  • A step down power converter [15] is needed if you are travelling from a country that uses 100-120 volts and your device won't support 230 volts. Read our world power outlets guide to discover which voltage your country uses.
  • You don't need a power converter if you are already using either a single voltage appliance that works with 230 volts or one that is dual voltage.
  • Devices designed to use a lower voltage such as 110 volts and then used in a 230 volt outlet run a risk of an electrical fire hazard, blowing a fuse or damage to your device unless you use a step down power converter [15].
  • You shouldn't need a power converter if you wish to power a smaller electrical device such as a cell phone as these are typically designed for international use and support dual voltage, but you should always check the device for dual voltage support prior to your journey.
  • If powering high wattage appliances or generate heat (such as curling irons or hair straighteners) then you will need to use a bulkier higher wattage heavy duty power converter [16] to allow the appliance to be used with a 230 volt Nepali power outlet.
  • Purchasing a smaller lightweight dual voltage travel appliance could be more practical and cost effective than trying to bring a heavier power converter just to use your existing domestic appliance.
  • For more information read these comprehensive travel guides on using curling wands, clothes irons, hair straighteners and blow dryers with a Nepali power outlet , along with advice on affordable dual voltage alternatives.

Do I need a power converter for Nepal if I'm travelling from the US?

The 230 volts used in a wall outlet in Nepal is different to an American supply, therefore please bring a step down power converter [15] if your charger or appliance isn't dual voltage.

What kind of converter do I need for Nepal?

In order to use any 100-120 volt appliance in a 230 volt Nepali power outlet you need a step down power converter [15].

What voltage is used in Nepal?

Nepal uses 230 volts in their normal power outlets.

What is the difference between a power transformer and a power converter?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a power transformer and a power converter?

Converters and transformers are both used to change one voltage to another, but this ambiguity can cause confusion as their purposes are different:

  • Power converters are designed for simple electrical appliances which typically generate heat or use motors such as clothes irons, shavers or hair dryers. Transformers are designed for more complex electronic items such as televisions or games consoles.
  • Buying a power converter is cheaper than buying a power transformer.
  • Power transformers are larger and heavier making them more suited for permanent residential use; for example an expat wishing to use an imported television would need to use a transformer for this purpose.
  • Power converters are more suitable for travellers wishing to bring domestic appliances abroad such as hair dryers or flat irons. However, it is more practical and cost effective to purchase a dual voltage appliance designed for travel rather than a heavier power converter.
  • Power converters are suitable for 2 pin ungrounded appliances, it could be harder to find a converter if you want to use a grounded 3 pin appliance.
  • Transformers can be used constantly however it is recommended that converters are used for no longer than a couple of hours at a time.
  • Shops may sell transformers under the name of converters, for the purposes this guide we will be referring to both converters and transformers as converters.

How to convert 230 volts to 110 volts

  1. Use a step down power converter [15] to allow you to use a 110 or 120 volt appliance with a 230 volt Nepali power outlet.
  2. If the power converter doesn't include the correct shaped plug then it will also be necessary to plug in the power cord from the power converter into a power adapter for Nepal before plugging that into a Nepali power outlet.
  3. Some power converters include the ability to perform both step up and step down voltage conversions, therefore it may be necessary to manually switch the converter to output the voltage to the 110-120 volt range.
  4. Plug your appliance into the converter and turn the power on, your 110-120 volt appliance can now be used with a 230 volt Nepali power outlet.
Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

Single voltage hair dryer

Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

The easiest method to see if a device is either single voltage or dual voltage is to look for numbers printed on the power plug, or on the appliance itself, normally near to where the power cord plugs into. The location will vary depending on the make and model of your device, it should also be written in the instruction manual.

  • Single voltage devices could have a specific number - such as 220V.
  • Single voltage devices might also say a small voltage range (around 20 volts) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 100-120V.
  • Dual voltage devices will typically say a larger range separated with a slash - such as 100/240V.

What can I connect to a Nepali power outlet?

Travel appliances that can connect to a Nepali power outlet

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to a Nepali power outlet

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with a Nepali power outlet

Mobile phones which work with the Nepali power outlet

Apple iPhones which can connect to a Nepali power outlet

Samsung Galaxy phones that can connect to a Nepali power outlet

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which can connect to a Nepali power outlet

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with a Nepali power outlet

Corrections

We endeavor to ensure all details on this page are correct and relevant to travelers visiting Nepal, if you wish to contribute any useful information or feedback please email travel@wikiconnections.org. For more comprehensive technical details visit the Wikipedia page on AC power plugs and sockets [17].

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepal - Nepali Wiki page.
  2. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  3. Type D plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type D power outlets without converting voltage.
  4. Portable charger - A power bank is a portable charger which can recharge USB powered devices such as mobile phones and tablets on the go.
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adapter - power adaptor
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  7. Rechargeable hair dryer - Rechargeable battery powered blow dryer suitable for travelling.
  8. Gas hair straighteners - Cordless ceramic hair straighteners powered by gas cartridges.
  9. 20,000mAh portable charger - High capacity 20000mAh high-speed portable USB charger suitable for charging mobile phones and some tablets for several days.
  10. USB-C PD power bank - Power Delivery charger suitable for charging laptops with USB-C support.
  11. Solar backpack - A solar backpack will charge USB devices or an internal power bank when left in sunlight.
  12. Solar power bank - Portable power bank with solar cells which can recharge when placed in sunlight and power any USB powered device.
  13. 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters.
  14. Power converter - A step up step down power converter converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts.
  15. Step down power converter - A step down power converter allows a 100-120 volt appliance to be used in a 220-240 volt power outlet.
  16. Heavy duty power converter - A 5000 watt heavy duty step up and step down power converter used to convert voltages for domestic appliances, power tools, televisions, heating appliances and motors.
  17. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_power_plugs_and_sockets - AC power plugs and sockets