US to Turkmenistan power adapters - what plugs are used in Turkmenistan?

Turkmen power outlet

What adapter do I need for Turkmenistan?

Use a Type C plug adapter [3] for Turkmenistan if the plug you intend on using doesn't fit in a Turkmen power outlet.

The type of power adapter, power converter or charger that's needed when visiting Turkmenistan will all depend on the voltage and type of device that you're attempting to power with a Turkmen power outlet. If you don't know what voltage your device uses then read the section below about how can you tell if you have a dual voltage device before going any further.

  • If you are from the US and travelling to Turkmenistan we suggest using a power adapter for Turkmenistan because an American Type A or Type B power outlet might not readily be used. As the voltage is different in Turkmenistan use a power converter for Turkmenistan if your device or appliance isn't dual voltage and also check that it can work with a 50hz power outlet.
  • If your device can run on 220 volts or is dual voltage and the plug can fit in a Turkmen power outlet then you can use it in Turkmenistan without needing anything else.
  • If your device can run on 220 volts or is dual voltage but your plug won't fit in a Turkmen power outlet then you'll need a suitable plug adapter for Turkmenistan such a Type C plug adapter [3]. A plug adapter for Turkmenistan (or power adapter) only changes the shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in Turkmenistan, but can't convert the voltage from 220 volts to another voltage.
  • If your device doesn't run on 220 volts and isn't dual voltage you'll also need a power converter for Turkmenistan to convert the voltage from 220 volts to the correct voltage on your device. You'll still need to bring a suitable plug adapter for Turkmenistan if your power converter doesn't use the correct Type C plug adapter.
  • If you want to power your USB devices such as a tablet or cell phone then a USB travel power adapter will be ideal and it should be dual voltage, but ensure that you bring a USB travel adapter which includes a Type C plug adapter otherwise you will still need to bring a suitable plug adapter for Turkmenistan.
  • Excessive use of a mobile phone during a trip can create an additional drain on the battery, it is practical to pack a power bank [4] if you wish to keep your cellphone or other devices charged throughout the day whilst travelling to an unfamiliar country.

Warning: If your device won't handle 220 volts you run a risk of damage to your device, an electrical fire hazard or blowing a fuse. Before attempting to use your device in Turkmenistan read the instruction manual first to ensure safe operation.

Turkmenistan power adapters

Power adapters for Turkmenistan

Complicated combinations of frequencies and standards can often lead to confusion when planning on travelling to a different country, especially to the first time traveller. However this isn't as complex as it appears, with only a handful of different types of plug sockets used in the world this article tells you exactly what you'll need in advance to power your electronics in Turkmenistan. This page contains links to useful instructions showing exactly how to supply power to your devices when you're visiting Turkmenistan by using the C, B or F type Turkmen 220 volt 50Hz wall outlets. Power adapters vary from country to country so we recommend that you read the Wikiconnections world power adapters list for a full list of regions and countries.

What is the best power adapter for Turkmenistan?

The best power adapter for Turkmenistan will be a Type C power adapter [3] which will allow you to use any 220 volt device or appliance.

What is the best power adapter for Turkmenistan?

What is a power adapter for a Turkmen power outlet?

A power adapter is a compact and lightweight plastic adapter that permits a different type of power plug on an appliance from a foreign region to correctly fit into a Turkmen power outlet.

What does a power adapter do?

A power adapter for Turkmenistan allows visitors travelling from another country to use electrical appliances and devices in Turkmenistan by altering the shape of the power plug from one shape to another.

Do I need a plug adapter in Turkmenistan?

This depends on the type of plug you are attempting to use in Turkmenistan.

Will I need a plug adapter if I'm visiting Turkmenistan from the US?

A US Type A or Type B outlet might not commonly be found in Turkmenistan so it is recommended to use a suitable plug adapter for Turkmenistan, however as the voltage is 220 volts you will definitely need to bring a power converter for Turkmenistan if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage to prevent damage or overheating.

Will a power adapter change the voltage from a Turkmen power outlet?

A power adapter only adapts the shape of a plug to fit into a 220 volt Turkmen power outlet and is unable to convert to a higher voltage. Should you wish to safely use a 100-120 volt device you also need a more expensive step down power converter.

Electrical adapters for Turkmenistan

Power Plug Adapters

A cheap and simple type C plug adapter

Power Plug Adapters

Benefits of a power plug adapter

  • Simple to use.
  • Light and compact.
  • Affordable, with prices under $10.
  • Bringing a Type C plug adapter [3] will work in Turkmenistan.

Disadvantages of a power plug adapter

  • Hotel rooms in Turkmenistan might only have one power outlet available, so you'll only be able to charge one appliance at once.
  • If you plan on travelling to more than just Turkmenistan you might need to bring along more than one type of plug adapter.
  • This plug adapter only alters the shape of the plug to fit in a Type C Turkmen power outlet but not the voltage used in Turkmenistan, so if your device doesn't support 220 volts and isn't dual voltage you'll also need to pack a voltage converter.
  • If you need to power any USB device then you also need to bring a domestic USB charger.
  • 1 adapter per device - for every device you will also need to bring a separate power adapter.
Universal Travel Power Adapters

All in one universal power adapter

Universal Travel Power Adapters

Benefits of a universal travel power adapter

  • Fairly easy to use.
  • All in one compact design. Both small and lightweight, under $20.
  • There are some universal travel adapters that include a built in surge protector, this will prevent your device from being overpowered by an unstable power grid.
  • The pins retract so won't get caught against other items in your baggage.
  • When you return to America it will still be of use as a USB charger.
  • Some universal travel adapters will include USB charging ports.

Disadvantages of a universal travel power adapter

  • Although most universal travel adapters are designed to operate in over 150 different countries the pins don't change shape to fit in a Turkmen power outlet. So you will need to bring a separate power plug adapter if you want to use universal travel adapter to benefit from surge protection and powering multiple devices from one outlet.
  • Can't be used with any high powered appliances - for example hair straighteners, vacuum cleaners, kettles, curling irons or hair dryers.
  • They don't have a voltage converter meaning they're not suitable for non-220 volt appliances.
  • Not fully universal - some adapters might not cover certain countries with less popular outlet types.
  • The internal moving parts such as pins and shutters might be fragile on some models which could make them prone to breaking whilst abroad.
  • Universal adapters only charge one plug.
Travel Power Strips

A travel power strip

Travel Power Strips

Benefits of a travel power strip

  • Some models have voltage conversation for low wattage devices such as laptops. So therefore if the appliance isn't dual voltage it can still work with a Turkmen power outlet by using a travel power strip. This will make a travel power strip a cheap and lightweight substitute for a power converter.
  • A travel power strip is capable of charging many electronic appliances and devices at the same time via one Turkmen power outlet, costing under $40.
  • Typical power strips will include a number of USB charge ports.
  • Voltage from power outlets in some countries could be unstable, a surge in power could damage your devices. There are some power strips that include a built in surge protector, this will prevent your device from being overpowered by an unstable power grid.
  • When you return to America it should still be of use as a power strip and USB charger.

Disadvantages of a travel power strip

  • Not supplied with the correct plug adapter for Turkmenistan therefore you need to also pack a separate power plug adapter for a Turkmen power outlet too.
  • The conversion on travel power strips won't support high wattage appliances such as curling irons or hair dryers.
  • Due to their size and weight power strips might be too bulky for hand luggage.
  • A travel power strip could be excessive if you only bring a small number of devices that need powering.
Travel USB Wall Chargers

A travel USB wall charger

Travel USB Wall Chargers

Benefits of a travel USB wall charger

  • Perfect when you only have to charge devices which use USB, for example tablet computers, cell phones or MP3 players.
  • Instead of bringing multiple domestic USB power chargers you will only need to pack one charger which costs roughly under $15.
  • Chargers come with interchangeable adapter heads which make them versatile in a large number of different locations. Interchangeable adapter heads are typically lightweight and small which makes them easy to pack.
  • Offers surge protection.
  • The charger could still be functional when you return to America.

Disadvantages of a travel USB wall charger

  • The interchangeable heads don't include one which is compatible with a Turkmen power outlet - therefore you'll still need to bring a separate power adapter for a Turkmen power outlet.
  • Because they only have USB outputs you can't to power any appliances, only USB powered devices.
Plug Adapter Sets

A comprehensive plug adapter set

Plug Adapter Sets

Benefits of a plug adapter set

  • As prices are roughly between $15 to $20 a power adapter set typically works out more economical than purchasing multiple individual power plug adapter types costing over $15 each.
  • Covers all eventualities and not just a Turkmen power outlet.
  • If you are visiting different countries a plug adapter set is perfect.
  • Set includes Type A, B, C, D, E/F, G, H, I, J, L, M and N plugs so should work in Turkmenistan.

Disadvantages of a plug adapter set

  • Will involve some planning; before any trip you will need to decide which power adapters they'll need, if you don't know every country you'll be visiting you'll need to bring each adapter type along.
  • Lots individual items to bring with you.
  • All remaining plug adapters will be useless.
  • Not every power adapter types are typically included in each set (especially rarer ones), so ensure that your plug adapter set includes one which is compatible in Turkmenistan.
  • Adapters only change the shape of the plug and doesn't change the voltage.
Voltage Converters

A voltage converter

Voltage Converters

Benefits of a voltage converter

Disadvantages of a voltage converter

  • Only changes the 220 volts in Turkmenistan and not the actual shape of the plug to slot in a Turkmen power outlet, you will still be required to pack the right type of plug adapter.
  • The normal size and weight of most models of voltage converters makes them impractical for packing in hand luggage.
  • A power converter is redundant after your trip to Turkmenistan.
  • Often less expensive to buy a dual voltage travel appliance than to buy a more expensive power converter simply to bring your existing single voltage domestic appliance in an incompatible location.
  • Expensive, between $110 to $120.
  • If you are travelling to Turkmenistan from the US you will need a voltage converter as the voltage is 220 volts.

Comparison of electrical adapters for Turkmenistan

Type C Power Plug Adapter
Power Plug Adapter
Universal Travel Power Adapter
Universal Travel Power Adapter
Travel USB Wall Charger
Travel USB Wall Charger
Travel Power Strip
Travel Power Strip
Plug Adapter Set
Plug Adapter Set
Voltage Converter
Voltage Converter
Can be used in Turkmenistan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Types of plug included C A/B, E/F, G and I A/B, E/F, G and I A, B, D, E/F, G, H, I, L and N A, B, C, D, E/F, G, H, I, J, L, M and N B
Compatible number of countries (A) 135+ 150+ 150+ 200+ 230+ 230+
Fits in a Type C Turkmen power outlet Yes Yes
Additional Type C plug adapter required to fit in a Turkmen power outlet Yes Yes Yes Yes
Compatible number of countries (A) 2 150+ 150+ 200+ 230+ 230+
Fits in a Type N Turkmen power outlet Yes Yes Yes
Additional Type N plug adapter required to fit in a Turkmen power outlet Yes Yes Yes
Useful when you return to America Yes Yes Yes
Typical combined number of USB ports and AC outlets 1 3 4 7 1 2
Powers USB devices Yes Yes Yes
Typical number of USB ports 0 2 4 4 0 0
Powers a 220 volt AC appliance in Turkmenistan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Typical number of AC outlets 1 1 0 3 (B) 2
Converts voltage (?) Yes (C) Yes
Surge protection Yes Yes Yes Yes
Typical dimensions 2.6 x 1.9 x 1.4 inches 3 x 2.1 x 2.1 inches 4.3 x 3.4 x 1.3 inches 6.6 x 3.6 x 1.5 inches 7.1 x 3.9 x 2.8 inches 11.7 x 8.1 x 6.7 inches
Typical weight 4.5 ounces 4 ounces 4.5 ounces 1.6 pounds 13 ounces 20 pounds
Typical number of items to carry (D) 1 1 5 8 12 2
Suitable for hand luggage Yes Yes Yes • (E) • (F)
Estimated price under $10 between $15 to $20 between $10 to $15 between $35 to $40 between $15 to $20 almost $100
Buy Buy Buy Buy Buy Buy

Turkmenistan power outlets and plug sockets

What plug sockets are used in Turkmenistan?

Type B, C and F power outlets

What plug sockets are used in Turkmenistan?

There are three different types of power outlets used in Turkmenistan, types C, B and F with the primary power supply being type C socket:

  • Plug Type B - You can recognise this wall socket by the 2 thin slots adjacent to each other with a semicircular shaped hole below for the long earth pin.
  • Plug Type C - The power outlet (known as the type C socket or Europlug) is recognised by 2 holes adjacent to each other for live and neutral pins.
  • Plug Type F - The round plug socket, also called the Schuko plug, can be recognised by two 4.8mm holes 19 mm next to each other for live and neutral pins, plus thin metal grounding clips on the top and bottom.

Do US plugs work in Turkmenistan?

No - because the voltage is different you will need to use a power converter if your device isn't dual voltage. We also recommend bringing all types of plug adapters for Turkmenistan as US types A or B outlets might not commonly be found.

Is an outlet in Turkmenistan the same as the US?

Even though a US Type A or Type B outlet could possibly be available in Turkmenistan it is advisable to use a suitable power adapter for Turkmenistan. Both the voltage and frequency are different so if your charger or appliance isn't dual voltage please use a power converter for Turkmenistan and check that it works with a 50hz supply.

What is the frequency used with a Turkmen power outlet?

The frequency from a Turkmen power outlet is 50Hz.

How do I use a 110 volt appliance in Turkmenistan?

To use a 110 volt or 120 volt appliance in a Turkmen power outlet you need to bring a step down power converter.

Is the voltage in Turkmenistan the same as the US?

The voltage which comes from a Turkmen power outlet is 220 volts, whereas 120 volts is used in America. If your US appliance or charger can't handle dual voltage then you will need to use a suitable power converter for Turkmenistan which allows a 120 volt American appliance to work with a 220-240 volt outlet.

Are power outlets common in Turkmenistan?

100 percent of population in Turkmenistan has access to electricity.

Is electrical power reliable in Turkmenistan?

While power cuts are unpredictable, electricity in Turkmenistan is dependable as there is no history of persistent power cuts in comparison to other countries.

Do I need a portable charger for Turkmenistan?

Whilst electrical cuts aren't common and electricity is available to the entire population, travellers should still bring a power bank to recharge their cell phone.

  • During a trip to Turkmenistan increased use of smart phones for taking pictures, storing calendars, sat nav, social network sharing and streaming videos will syphon off power excessively. Beyond the inconvenience of missed photo opportunities a flat smart phone battery could potentially leave you stranded without sufficient power to make emergency calls or being able to use a satellite navigation app to find your way back to hotel or accommodation. By packing a portable charger [4] lowers that risk as it allows you to power up your smart phone on the move.
  • Bring at least a 10,000mAh portable charger [4] which will store enough energy to power over 3 full charges whilst a 20,000mAh power bank [14] should keep a typical smart phone charged for up to 7 days depending on the model of phone and usage. A mAh rating (milli ampere-hours) shows the capacity of the battery giving an indication of the number of charge cycles the power bank can do, so a higher mAh will be better for travellers.
  • If your laptop has a USB-C charging port then packing a portable charger for a laptop [15] marked with PD (power delivery) that supplies at least 20Wh can be used to recharge your laptop when travelling to Turkmenistan. Be aware that some airlines won't let you bring power banks on an aircraft that supply 100 Wh of power or more and must not be left in checked-in luggage.
  • Typical consumer portable chargers won't work with high wattage items, but a rechargeable hair dryer [12] or gas hair straighteners [13] are available for travelling.
Do I need a portable charger for Turkmenistan?
Does a solar powered charger work in Turkmenistan?

Solar backpacks are ideal in hot weather

Does a solar powered charger work in Turkmenistan?

The sunlight in Turkmenistan will be adequate enough to charge solar power bank [17] dependably, however it needs to be left in strong sunlight in order to produce enough energy for a single charge cycle. This might prove inconvenient to constantly unpack a solar power bank then wait for it to recharge in a sunny area.

  • Instead, the larger cells used on a solar backpack [16] give the bag the ability to create more electricity within a faster period of time, meaning they should perform well in Turkmenistan.
  • A phone that has been directly plugged into a USB port of a solar backpack can trickle charge the power during sunny spells in Turkmenistan, but this could be inconvenient to have the phone constantly connected to the bag during the day should it be used frequently. Unlike a handheld solar power bank that requires unpacking facing sunlight, a solar powered backpack is constantly exposed to light so will be topping up a power bank [4] during the day.
  • Even though the climate in Turkmenistan is suitable, a bag should ideally have a solar cell efficiency of 22% or greater, can generate at least 6 watts of power and be used with a compatible power bank of 10,000mAH or stronger.
  • Unlike normal firm solar cells, the flexible and durable solar panels used in solar powered bags are built to endure scratches and bending. They are found in rucksack, backpack and laptop messenger styles which makes them ideal for domestic, travel and work use.

Sources

  • International Electrotechnical Commission - World plugs by location (cited August 2014)
  • Wikipedia - Mains electricity by country (cited July 2014)
  • Index Mundi - Power outages in a typical month (cited May 2018, data collected between 2006 to 2017)
  • Index Mundi - Access to electricity (cited May 2018, latest data collected 2010)
  • WikiPedia - List of countries by average yearly temperature (cited May 2018, data averaged between 1961 to 1990)

Turkmenistan chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for charging multiple USB powered devices when travelling abroad.

What USB charger do I need for Turkmenistan?

When you are travelling to more than one country then the best international travel charger for Turkmenistan to buy is a multiple USB port charger which includes swappable plugs such as a 4 port USB travel charger [8]. Turkmens use three different standards of plug sockets (types C, B and F) and using a power charger like this will ensure that you are covered for type C.

Because these chargers come with interchangeable pins and handle from 100 volts - 240 volts will mean you can travel to over 100 countries around the world just by changing the included plugs over. If your device is compatible with Fast Charge (not all USB devices can) then you will benefit from much quicker charging times by using one of these types of power adapters, plus compatibility with more power demanding devices.

Unlike other travel chargers this means you can recharge multiple devices at once without needing to buy multiple power chargers. Only bringing a single international USB travel charger will help keep the size and weight down, making it ideal to store in hand luggage. Due to their space saving versatility these types of adapters can be used at home so when you're not on holiday they can sit overnight charging multiple phones, tablets and speakers and using only a single wall outlet.

If you travel to Turkmenistan we recommend buying an adaptable power adapter of this nature online. The travel adapter illustrated is the 4 Port USB Wall Charger [8] which has been successfully tested with multiple USB devices in numerous different countries around the world.

What USB charger do I need for Turkmenistan?

Why use a travel USB charger for Turkmenistan?

  • Typically travel USB chargers include multiple USB charger ports, this means that you should only need to bring one charger to charge multiple devices. Instead of bringing 4 separate power chargers you only need to pack one 4 port USB wall charger to power up to 4 devices, thereby reducing the size and weight of your baggage.
  • Travel USB chargers should include swappable plug heads for various countries thereby making them suitable if visiting other countries across Asia which are likely to use a different standard to Turkmenistan.
  • Good USB travel chargers are rugged, lightweight and compact; ideal for rigors of travel instead of than risking bringing along a domestic charger which might be impossible to repair or replace in Turkmenistan.
  • USB chargers will accept both the 220 volts used in Turkmenistan power outlets plus different voltage standards in other countries.
  • There is a chance that some hotel bedrooms or accommodation in Turkmenistan might only have one power outlet, by using a travel charger with multiple USB ports means you can share the single wall outlet with family or other traveler instead of waiting to charge each device one by one.
  • Because of their versatile nature a travel USB charger takes the worry out of travelling to any unknown country as they are guaranteed to work practically anywhere on the planet.
  • Power outlets in airports are often in short supply and the demand for charging multiple cell phones before a flight can be high, therefore a USB travel charger with multiple ports and the ability to charge quickly is perect.
  • Sometimes the power grid in a country can be unstable, a travel USB charger allows for unexpected surges and prevents damage to any devices attached to it. Attempting to repair an overloaded smartphone in Turkmenistan could prove to be problematic and expensive.
  • Premium USB travel chargers also incorporate a power outlet strip to allow you to power low wattage devices such as laptops, however these are unsuitable for high wattage domestic such as hair dryers or clothes irons. See the section on using travel appliances in Turkmenistan for useful guidelines and advice on the best power adapter for a high wattage devices with a Turkmen power outlet.
  • Certain cell phones could pull more than the normal 500 milliamps produced from a standard 5 volt USB adapter to charge or provide fast charge. More expensive USB chargers will support fast charging should any of your devices require additional power.
  • When back at home travel USB chargers can still be used by charging multiple cell phones every night using only one power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for Turkmenistan?

The is the most compact option for travellers from around the world who only have USB devices, but for those also wishing to use their domestic plugs these power strips provide larger but more versatile solutions. All 3 power adapters offer surge protection which is crucial for visitors of counties with unreliable power grids. These travel adapters come with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering both Turkmenistan and over 150 countries around the world:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK international travel converter has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the best selling portable option for travellers originating from America visiting Turkmenistan.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Similarly having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers from North America using type B plugs and gives almost the same set of features as the BESTEK with only one less AC outlet at almost half the price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has just 2 AC outlets but offers a generous 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it ideal for a majority of travellers from around the world visiting Turkmenistan.

Power converters for Turkmenistan

What does a power converter for Turkmenistan do?

A power converter allows travellers to use a 100-120 volt electrical appliance with a 220 volt Turkmen power outlet.

Also known as: electrical converter, electrical transformer, voltage converter, power transformer or voltage transformer.

What is the difference between a plug adapter and a power converter?

A heavy and expensive power converter [18] will transform the voltage of 220 volts from a Turkmen power outlet to work with a non-220 volt appliance, however a smaller and more lightweight power adapter (or plug adapter) will change the shape of the plug on your appliance to slot into a power outlet found in Turkmenistan.

Do I need a power converter for Turkmenistan?

If travelling to Turkmenistan from a different country ensure the device will accept a 220 volt power supply.

  • You will need a step down power converter [10] if you are travelling to Turkmenistan from a country that uses 100-120 volts and your appliance or device isn't compatible with 220 volts. See the WikiConnections list of world power outlets guide to find out the voltage is used in your country.
  • You won't need a power converter if you already use either a 220 volt single voltage device or one that supports dual voltage.
  • Normally electrical devices designed to use a lower voltage such as 110 volts and then used in a 220 volt outlet run the risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device.
  • You won't need a power converter if you are attempting to power a smaller electrical device such as a mobile phone or laptop as these are typically designed for international use and dual voltage, however always always check the device for dual voltage support prior to your journey.
  • For powering high wattage appliances or generate heat (for example hair straighteners and clothes irons) then you will need to use a more expensive higher wattage heavy duty power converter [19].
  • It will be more cost effective to bring a smaller lightweight dual voltage travel appliance than trying to bring a heavier high wattage power converter to Turkmenistan just to use your existing domestic appliance.
  • For more information read our travel guides on how to use clothes irons, curling wands, blow dryers and flat irons in Turkmen power outlets , along with guides for some affordable dual voltage alternatives.

Will I need a power converter if I'm visiting Turkmenistan from the US?

The 220 volts used in a electric outlet in Turkmenistan is different to an 110 volt American outlet, therefore you will need to use a step down power converter if your appliance or charger doesn't support dual voltage.

What kind of converter do I need for Turkmenistan?

You need to buy a step down power converter [10] in order to use any 100, 110 or 120 volt appliance in Turkmenistan.

What voltage does Turkmenistan use?

Turkmenistan uses 220 volts in their power outlets.

How to convert 220 volts to 110 volts

  1. Use a step down power converter [10] to allow you to use a 110 or 120 volt appliance with a 220 volt Turkmen power outlet.
  2. If the power converter doesn't include the correct shaped plug then it will also be necessary to plug in the power cord from the power converter into a power adapter for Turkmenistan before plugging that into a Turkmen power outlet.
  3. Some power converters include the ability to perform both step up and step down voltage conversions, therefore it may be necessary to manually switch the converter to output the voltage to the 110-120 volt range.
  4. Plug your appliance into the converter and turn the power on, your 110-120 volt appliance can now be used with a 220 volt Turkmen power outlet.
What is the difference between a power transformer and a power converter?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a power transformer and a power converter?

Converters and transformers are both used to change one voltage to another, but this ambiguity can cause confusion as their purposes are different:

  • Power converters are designed for simple electrical appliances which typically generate heat or use motors such as clothes irons, shavers or hair dryers. Transformers are designed for more complex electronic items such as televisions or games consoles.
  • Buying a power converter is cheaper than buying a power transformer.
  • Power transformers are larger and heavier making them more suited for permanent residential use; for example an expat wishing to use an imported television would need to use a transformer for this purpose.
  • Power converters are more suitable for travellers wishing to bring domestic appliances abroad such as hair dryers or flat irons. However, it is more practical and cost effective to purchase a dual voltage appliance designed for travel rather than a heavier power converter.
  • Power converters are suitable for 2 pin ungrounded appliances, it could be harder to find a converter if you want to use a grounded 3 pin appliance.
  • Transformers can be used constantly however it is recommended that converters are used for no longer than a couple of hours at a time.
  • Shops may sell transformers under the name of converters, for the purposes this guide we will be referring to both converters and transformers as converters.
Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

Dual voltage hair dryer

Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

The way to see if a device is either single voltage or dual voltage is to look for a sticker on the supplied power plug, or on the appliance itself, typically on the rear of the unit or near to where the power cord sits. The location might depend on the make or model of your unit, it should also state on the box.

  • Single voltage devices could have a specific number - such as 110V.
  • Single voltage devices might also have a small voltage range (20 volts difference) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 100-120V.
  • Dual voltage devices will typically say a larger range separated with a slash - such as 110/240V.

Substantiations

How we compared products

Typical figures based on top 5 popular electrical adapters for each form-factor from different manufacturers with prices as of October 2018.

  • Power Plug Adapters - Ceptics Grounded Universal Plug Adapter, TESSAN Grounded Universal Travel Power Plug Adapter, Tmvel Universal International Power Adapter Plug, EnriQ Plug Adapter, Ckitze Travel Power Plug Adapter.
  • Universal Travel Power Adapters - BESTEK Universal Travel Adapter, NEWVANGA International Universal All in One Worldwide Travel Adapter, Bluegogo Universal All in One Worldwide Travel Adapter, HAOZI All-in-one International Power Adapter, UROPHYLLA Universal European Adapter Dual Fuses.
  • Trvel USB Wall Chargers - iKits 4-Port USB Wall/International Charger, LENCENT 4 Port USB Travel Adapter, PISEN USB Wall Charger, Anker 27W 4-Port USB Wall Charger PowerPort 4 Lite, USB Plug Travel Charger Adaptor, Turata 4 Port Universal World Wall Charger.
  • Travel Power Strips - BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip, TESSAN 3 Outlet Surge Protector travel Power Strip, Portable Travel Adapter Power Strip Charging Station, GR-8 Power Compact & Slim Travel Charging Station, NTONPOWER Portable Charging Station.
  • Plug Adapter Sets - Ceptics GP-12PK International Travel Worldwide Grounded Universal Plug Adapter Set, Ceptics World Travel Adapter Set - 11 Pack, BESTEK Grounded Universal Plug Set, OREI 7 World Travel Adapter Plug Set, Ceptics Adapter Plug Set for World Wide International Travel Use.
  • Voltage Converters - Power Bright VC2000W Voltage Transformer Step Up/Down converter, LiteFuze LT-3000 3000 Watt Voltage Converter Transformer - Step Up/Down, SEYAS 1000W Auto Step Up & Step Down Voltage Transformer Converter, Rockstone Power 5000 Watt Heavy Duty Step Up/Down Voltage Transformer Converter, KRIEGER 1700 Watt Voltage Transformer Step up/down 120V / 230V AC outlet American European Converter.

Weight, dimensions, number of AC outlets and number of USB powers were all based by calculating and rounding an average figure for each attribute where known.

Key to electrical adapter comparison

  1. Compatible number of countries based on data from the International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs page (cited November 2018).
  2. Assuming only a single plug adapter from the plug adapter set will be used at any one time in a compatible location.
  3. Depending on if the power strip supports voltage conversion for low wattage items. All travel power strips tested do not convert voltage for high wattage appliances.
  4. Including the device itself, any supplied plug heads and power cords.
  5. Some travel power strips featuring less AC outlets may be small and lightweight enough to be suitable for hand luggage.
  6. Number of items if bringing an entire set of plug adapters for use in multiple locations to cover all eventualities (unless bringing only the necessary single plug adapter).

What type of adapter do you need for Turkmenistan?

Which type of power adapter do you need to bring to Turkmenistan?

The type of power converter that is suitable for Turkmenistan is dependant on various requirements, so before choosing which one to bring we suggest reading this checklist:

How many electrical devices are you taking to Turkmenistan?

How many devices will you be taking

How many electrical devices are you taking to Turkmenistan?

  • List all the items you'll need to bring to Turkmenistan (such as tablets, laptops, phones, eReaders, curling irons or hair dryers).
    • Remember to allow for more electrical devices at a later date. Are you thinking about buying a new laptop computer soon?
    • There are a growing number of rechargeable electronics such as electric shavers which use a USB port as their power charging source, the next time you buy a new device it could use a USB adapter so please ensure your travel adapter has enough spare ports to support these additional items also.
  • Are you bringing a partner to Turkmenistan who will need to charge their devices too?
What types of electrical items do you need to charge in Turkmenistan?

A USB powered phone

What types of electrical items do you need to charge in Turkmenistan?

  • There are three types of electrical devices or appliances:
    • Low wattage electrical devices that plug into a power outlet - for example cameras and laptops.
    • High wattage electrical appliances which plug into an electrical outlet - for example clothes irons or hair straighteners.
    • USB electrical devices which charge using a USB port - for example phones.
  • When you only want to bring along just USB powered devices you'll find that a simple travel USB charger is ideal because you will only need to bring one compact charger and leave your domestic chargers at home.
  • Travel power strips are built for powering and voltage conversion for multiple low wattage devices (such as cameras), however won't work with high wattage appliances that need voltage conversion.
How many power outlets will be available when you get to Turkmenistan?

Are multiple outlets available

How many power outlets will be available when you get to Turkmenistan?

  • A hotel may have only one power outlet on the wall. This will present an issue if recharging the batteries of multiple electronic devices such as cell phones, tablet computers and laptops overnight as you'll only be able to charge one device at a time.
  • If you wish to charge multiple devices at the same time then we recommend using a travel power strip or travel USB wall charger which can power multiple USB ports or outlets.

Will your devices and appliances only work with 220 volt power outlets?

Are you only planning on charging USB devices?

Will you only bring USB devices

Are you only planning on charging USB devices?

  • Should you only plan on packing USB electronics such as phones and tablets then it is recommended to just pack a travel USB wall charger.
  • If you only use a simple power plug adapter then you will still need to pack the USB power charger that came with your device too.

How much can you afford?

  • A cheap power adapter starts from around under $10 which powers only one device in Turkmenistan (providing that it is dual voltage or is compatible with 220 volts) but investing in roughly between $15 to $20 allows you to power multiple devices at once and bring them to various countries.

Do you intend on visiting anywhere abroad in the future?

Is Turkmenistan the only location you plan on visiting?

Are you flying long haul to get to Turkmenistan?

How long does it take to fly

Are you flying long haul to get to Turkmenistan?

  • If you are embarking on an extended flight to get to Turkmenistan think about a convenient airport-suitable charger that works in different power outlet types, one which can be carried in hand luggage and can be used to top up tablets and phones.
  • Because not all airlines have power outlets available we recommend using a travel portable charger [4] which will recharge on the go. When you land in Turkmenistan you may need to use a cellphone for making a call, using mapping or reading itineraries; so please make sure that your phone has enough battery power remaining.

Are you visiting other countries with good access to electricity?

  • The power in Turkmenistan is generally stable however if you want to go to another country you might need an adapter which will protect your appliances. Voltage might occasionally fluctuate in some countries which could potentially cause damage to your devices, so use a power adapter which has surge protection such as a travel power strip.
  • Using a portable charger [4] and a solar backpack [16] will prepare you for travelling to countries with limited electricity or any power cuts.

Do you still need use your charger when returning to America?

Do you intend on only bringing hand luggage?

Are you only using hand luggage

Do you intend on only bringing hand luggage?

What can I connect to a Turkmen power outlet

Travel appliances which can connect to a Turkmen power outlet

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to a Turkmen power outlet

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with a Turkmen power outlet

Mobile phones that can connect to the Turkmen power outlet

Apple iPhones which can be connected to a Turkmen power outlet

Samsung Galaxy phones that work with a Turkmen power outlet

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which work with a Turkmen power outlet

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with a Turkmen power outlet

Corrections

We endeavor to ensure all details on this page are correct and relevant to travelers visiting Turkmenistan, if you wish to contribute any useful information or feedback please email travel@wikiconnections.org. For more comprehensive technical details visit the Wikipedia page on AC power plugs and sockets [20].

Disclaimer

WikiConnections is not responsible for any injury or damage caused due to using any type of suggested product with any other electrical device or appliance in any location, full details are available on the disclaimer page. All functions and capabilities should be checked prior to purchasing or using any power adapter. Assumptions on if any power adapter, charger, converter or power strip works in any location is based on data from publicly available sources and if it fits the primary power outlet used in that country. WikiConnections has not taken into consideration other less common power outlets which might be found as these might only be used in certain areas or in the process of being phased out.

Where possible, WikiConnections only recommends the type of product as being suitable along with alternatives and does not make any endorsement for any specific brand or product. Always check with the manufacturer to ensure full compatibility prior to attempting to use any device. Always check the reputation of the manufacturer and product to ensure the quality and safety of any electrical device being used.

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkmenistan - wikipedia.org entry about Turkmenistan.
  2. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  3. Type C plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type C power outlets without converting voltage, under $10.
  4. Portable charger - A power bank is a portable charger which can recharge USB powered devices such as mobile phones and tablets on the go, costing between $30 to $35.
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adapter - power adaptor
  6. Universal travel power adapter - A typical universal travel power adapter can be used in over 150 different countries for use with appliances and USB devices, estimated cost between $15 to $20.
  7. Travel power strip - A travel power strip includes surge protectors, AC power outlets, USB ports and swappable plug adapters for use in multiple countries, under $40.
  8. 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters, between $10 to $15.
  9. Plug adapter set - Plug adapter set containing a number of different power plug adapters for use in different countries, priced between $15 to $20.
  10. Step down power converter - A step down power converter allows a 100-120 volt appliance to be used in a 220-240 volt power outlet, between $110 to $120.
  11. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  12. Rechargeable hair dryer - Rechargeable battery powered blow dryer suitable for travelling, estimated cost under $160.
  13. Gas hair straighteners - Cordless ceramic hair straighteners powered by gas cartridges, costs between $20 to $25.
  14. 20,000mAh portable charger - High capacity 20000mAh high-speed portable USB charger suitable for charging mobile phones and some tablets for several days, between $35 to $40.
  15. USB-C PD power bank - Power Delivery charger suitable for charging laptops with USB-C support, priced at under $130.
  16. Solar backpack - A solar backpack will charge USB devices or an internal power bank when left in sunlight, under $90.
  17. Solar power bank - Portable power bank with solar cells which can recharge when placed in sunlight and power any USB powered device, under $25.
  18. Power converter - A step up step down power converter converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts, between $90 to $100.
  19. Heavy duty power converter - A 5000 watt heavy duty step up and step down power converter used to convert voltages for domestic appliances, power tools, televisions, heating appliances and motors, between $140 to $150.
  20. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_power_plugs_and_sockets - AC power plugs and sockets